What is Allergic Rhinitis?
What is Allergic Rhinitis? Allergic rhinitis is also called hay fever. It occurs when the immune system overreacts to any particle in the air. Your immune system attacks the particles in your body causing some of the symptoms like runny nose and sneezing. These particles are called allergens and they can cause an allergic reaction. There are many signs and symptoms of allergic rhinitis. So, read onto know more about allergic rhinitis.
What is Allergic Rhinitis? – Occurrence!
Allergic rhinitis emerges from the body’s inability to adapt to an allergen. Therefore, the body has to fight the allergen even though it poses no risk. Antibodies are released and allergy is developed. The nose can, therefore, feel itchy and swollen, with production of mucus.
There are two different kinds of allergic rhinitis. One of them is seasonal and the other perennial.
- Seasonal allergic rhinitis: This occurs because of pollen. During the pollen season you suffer from the signs and symptoms of allergic rhinitis. This occurs only seasonally. This is also called hay fever because it happens during hay seasons.
- Perennial allergic rhinitis: This type of allergy occurs anytime in the year.
Allergic rhinitis symptoms
- Stuffy nose and you sneeze and sneeze early in the morning
- Severe cough and postnasal drip
- Swollen, itchy, and watery eyes
- Clogged ears
- Sore and an itchy throat
- Memory problems
Causes for allergic rhinitis – The Common Allergens!
Some of the allergens that cause allergic rhinitis are weeds, grasses, animal dander, pollen, dust mites, mold, and insects as well. These are some of the common causes or reasons why people suffer from allergic rhinitis.
Sometimes, even hereditary factors also play a major role in rhinitis. If you are suffering allergic to pollens, then the signs are present only at certain times of the year. Again if you suffer from dust mite allergy, then you may have symptoms all the time.
Treatment for Allergic Rhinitis
There is no proper cure for allergic rhinitis. One thing that all the rhinitis sufferers must keep in mind is to avoid the causative factor. You may even need to clean your house and also need to stay indoors. Other treatments include:
Over the counter medicines are available. It is always better to see a doctor before taking these drugs. Medicines for allergic rhinitis include antihistamines, corticosteroids for nose and throat ailments and eye drops to relieve eye symptoms such as itching. However, if you are suffering from asthma, then you need to be very careful before taking these over the counter drugs.
Immunotherapy will help your body’s immune system to get used to the allergens. This in turn would reduce the allergic symptoms.
- Cleaning the sinuses
You can even clean your nasal passages using saline solution for soothing your nasal sinuses. This would remove the bacteria and open the clogged nasal passages.
- Asthma treatment
Allergic rhinitis can also cause asthma symptoms. Allergic rhinitis related asthma is usually treated with steroids that are inhaled or sprayed in the nose. This is however done by a doctor and people suffering from allergic rhinitis must not take any medications on their own.
This was all about allergic rhinitis. Now that you know what is rhinitis? I hope that you would keep in mind the following points for a healthy and allergy free life!