Dyshidrotic eczema is a blistering, fiercely itchy rash commonly occurring on the soles of the feet, or fingers and palms. Experts believe it is caused due to allergic response to environmental factors. The affected areas react to environmental triggers by forming these blisters.
<strong>Symptoms of Dyshidrotic Eczema</strong>
<li>Crusting/weeping skin lesions</li>
<li>Swelling and pain at the site</li>
<li>Fissures and cracks in the skin</li>
<li>Severe itching</li> </ul>
<strong>Causes of Dyshidrotic Eczema</strong>
Health experts say metals like cobalt, balsam and nickel may trigger this allergic response. Other factors that can cause this type of eczema include being exposed to chemicals in lotions, fabric softeners and laundry detergents. Shampoos and scented soaps can also trigger allergic reactions. Psychological causes include suppressed feelings like frustration and stress, or anxiety. Sudden changes in weather and temperature could be other likely causes, for example, if a person travels from a place with low humidity to another place that has high humidity.
Family history also matters with respect to conditions like hay fever, sinusitis and asthma. Fungal infection in the body is another trigger.
<strong>How to Prevent Dyshidrotic Eczema</strong>
<li>Avoid excessive dryness, manage sweating and allow your feet to air dry often</li>
<li>Avoid using objects and jewelry with nickel</li>
<li>Reduce your exposure to chemical-laden products like fabric softeners, laundry detergents and scented soaps</li>
<li>Bathe with gentle soaps and rinse thoroughly</li>
<li>Bathe and rinse in lukewarm water</li>
<li>Learn to manage and ease stress and tension</li> </ul>
<strong>Effects of Dyshidrotic Eczema</strong>
<li>The rashes could reoccur</li>
<li>In some cases, the peeling and cracked skin can lead to infection</li>
<li>In severe cases, the patient is rendered unable to carry out daily activities</li> </ul>
<strong>Treatment for Dyshidrotic Eczema</strong>
<li>Dermatologists advise patients to keep the irritated skin cool and dry as moisture and sweating can worsen the symptoms</li>
<li>Use antihistamines to reduce itching</li>
<li>For nickel allergy, you can try chelation therapy</li>
<li>To treat the lesions, use drainage and compresses of Burow’s solution</li>
<li>In some cases, immune suppressing medicines like Cyclosporine, Methotrexate or Azathioprine are prescribed </li>
<li>To reduce inflammation and itching, you can use topical corticosteroid creams</li> </ul>
Dyshidrotic eczema is completely curable, but it can always reoccur. Follow the above provided prevention strategies to prevent recurrence of outbreaks. If the condition looks bad, consult a dermatologist at the earliest.
To learn how to treat eczema, please watch this video:
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