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What is Neuroma Foot?

The most common type of neuroma foot is Morton’s neuroma. This condition causes foot pain which becomes better with massage and rest. Fortunately, this is a benign and highly treatable condition. Basically, neuroma means thickening or enlargement of a nerve between the toes. Therefore, it is also called interdigital neuroma. Women between 30 to 50 years of age are most susceptible to this condition especially if they wear ill-fitting footwear.

<strong>Causes of Neuroma Foot</strong>
The most common cause is injury to the nerve caused by abnormal foot structure or bad walking style. Biomechanical factors can injure the nerve while walking. The irritated nerve can become enlarged and take up more space, which will aggravate the irritation. Thus a vicious cycle is formed.

<strong>Symptoms of Morton's Neuroma</strong>
Initially, the symptoms occur infrequently but if the condition worsens the following symptoms can be present all the time:
<ul>
	<li>You get a feeling that there is something inside your shoes</li>
	<li>Cramping</li>
	<li>Burning</li>
	<li>Tingling sensation</li>
	<li>Numbness</li>
	<li>A variety of pains such as shooting, throbbing, stabbing and sharp pains</li>
</ul>
<strong>Diagnosis of Foot Neuroma</strong>
The foot doctor will squeeze the bones below the toes and compress the impacted area. You will feel pain in the toes if you are afflicted. The podiatrist may also conduct tests like an MRI, ultrasound or x-ray to confirm the diagnosis.

<strong>Treatments for Morton’s Neuroma </strong>
<ul>
	<li>You should wear comfortable shoes that offer plenty of space to the metatarsals and toes to minimize pressure on them. Women should avoid high heels as they increase the pressure on the ball of the foot.</li>
	<li>You can use metatarsal pads that relive pressure on the nerve</li>
	<li>Runners and joggers should suspend their workouts till the symptoms are cured</li>
	<li>You can tie athletic tape on the affected area</li>
	<li>Icing can provide relief from pain and discomfort</li>
	<li>Anti-inflammatory medicines like ibuprofen and Aleve can reduce inflammation</li>
	<li>Orthotic shoes inserts and arch supports can control abnormal motion of the feet thereby reducing the pressure exerted on the nerve</li>
	<li>A physical therapist can teach suitable exercises to relieve foot neuroma</li>
	<li>Cortisone injection is prescribed to reduce the size of the enlarged and irritated nerve</li>
	<li>Alcohol injection can chemically destroy the nerve</li>
	<li>Surgery is the last option and involves cutting the intermetatarsal ligament or the impacted nerve. This procedure has been successful in treating 85% of cases.</li>
</ul>
<strong>Summary</strong>
To prevent neuroma foot, you should avoid wearing uncomfortably narrow shoes that have pointed toes as well as high heels. So try to be pragmatic and be willing to sacrifice superficial fashion for the sake of healthy feet and toes.

Resources: http://foothealth.about.com/od/neuroma/a/MortonsNeuroma.htm

For more information on neuroma of the foot, please watch this video:
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