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What is Foot Pronation?

Foot pronation occurs when the foot’s arch collapses turning it inwwards, which makes the person walk on the inner edge of their sole. This condition is also called flat feet. Common causes are heel spurs, plantar fasciitis and other ailments that occur on the heels. Ideally while walking or running, the heel should first hit the ground. But excessive pronation can make the person shift weight onto other foot areas while walking or running, which can cause great pain.

Causes of Foot Pronation
Most patients are born with this condition. In others, strain exerted on the foot is the main cause. If excessive weight is put on the foot arch, the tissue may weaken which can lead to pronation. Seniors who have weak tissues and muscles in their feet face the risk of a collapsing arch. Women who regularly wear high heels for prolonged periods are also vulnerable to foot pronation. Wearing shoes that do not have good arch support is another factor.

Effects of Foot Pronation
If left untreated, this condition can lead to serious problems. A collapsed foot arch can cause misalignment of the knee, ankle and foot, which can put strain on the overall posture. This strain can cause pain and discomfort in the lower back, hip, knee, and foot. Ignoring pronation can also deform the ligaments in the foot. People suffering from pronating feet are also vulnerable to developing stress fractures, heel spurs, kneecap and heel pain, shin splints and Achilles and ankle tendonitis.

Treatment for Foot Pronation
It can be treated by placing orthotic inserts inside shoes to correct the arch, alignment and abnormal foot motion, and ease discomfort. You can also use inserts like HTP add support to stabilize and support the heel and foot arch to minimize pronation. Orthotics thus help to lower the risk of foot ailments. Consult an orthopedist or podiatrist to get the right orthotics and shoes for your feet.

Summary
A little care and precaution can help you prevent foot pronation. For example, you should wear appropriate shoes for each sport. Do not wear running shoes while playing basketball, or walking shoes to go jogging. Before you start an exercise regimen, get a thorough medical examination. This can help you detect biomechanical problems like pronation. You can use the information to take precautions and avoid overuse foot injuries and other ailments.

Resources:
1. http://www.heel-that-pain.com/pronation/index.php
2. http://www.uihealthcare.com/topics/footcare/foot3353.html

For tips on how to identify overpronation, please watch this video:

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