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What is Bunion Surgery?

Bunion is a bone protrusion which causes a bump on the side or top of the big toe joint. Sometimes, a bunion surgery is required especially if there is severe deformity of the joint. This surgery involves stabilizing the affected joint with plates, screws, stitches or tiny wires. But there is no guarantee a bunion surgery will effectively alleviate your pain.

<strong>Information about Bunion Surgery</strong>
A local anesthetic and sedative are usually used for the procedure. Depending on the condition, the surgery may take up to an hour or even more. Sometimes, more than a single bunion surgery may be required. A bunion surgery is prescribed when nonsurgical treatments prove ineffective or if you experience difficulty doing even basic activities like walking.

<strong>Types of Bunion Surgery</strong>
<ul>
	<li>A bunionectomy is done to remove the bulging part of the foot</li>
	<li>Ligaments around the affected joint are realigned</li>
	<li>A small piece of bone is removed from the toe or foot</li>
	<li>Reshaping of the metatarsal bones and the big toe</li>
	<li>Fusion of the impacted joints</li>
	<li>Insertion of implant or artificial joint</li>
</ul>
<strong>Care after the Bunion Surgery</strong>
In severe cases, recovery after surgery can take up to a year. But the usual recovery period is between six weeks to six months. You should cover the operated foot completely during bathing to ensure the stitches remain dry. These stitches are taken out within three weeks. Patients are advised to wear wooden shoes, special shoes, splints and walking casts. For about two months, the patient should not put weight on the operated foot.

<strong>Risks of Bunion Surgery</strong>
<ul>
	<li>It can cause infection in the bone or soft tissue</li>
	<li>Anesthetics or painkiller medications can cause side effects</li>
	<li>The bunion can reoccur nullifying the purpose of the surgery</li>
	<li>The big toe may bend upward or outward after the surgery</li>
	<li>Nerves may get damaged because of the procedure which may cause tingling, burning sensation or numbness, or decreased feeling</li>
	<li>Sometimes the tendons connecting to the affected toe may get damaged</li>
	<li>If the bone needs to be removed, the big toe will shrink in size</li>
	<li>The operated toe may become stiff and restrict movement</li>
	<li>Persistent swelling and pain</li>
	<li>After the surgery, the patient may develop arthritis or experience disruption in the supply of blood to the bone</li>
	<li>Calluses may develop on the heel</li>
</ul>
<strong>Summary</strong>
We hope this article makes you objectively evaluate the pros and cons of bunion surgery before you decide for or against it. Take the considered opinion of your doctor before taking the final decision.

Resources: http://www.webmd.com/skin-problems-and-treatments/bunion-surgery

For more information on bunion surgery, please watch this video:
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