Adult Acne – Types, Causes, Treatments and Home Remedies
Adult acne can be especially frustrating. Almost everyone can experience acne at some point of the time, no matter how much skin care they take. Women are affected the most compared to the men. The over-the-counter medications may not work all the time and this creates disappointment in many. This article on adult acne mainly emphasizes on its causes, types of adult acne, treatments and home remedies.
Types of Adult Acne
Acne can affect people of all ages including 30s, 40s and 50s.
- Persistent acne – The acne that remains even till mid 20s is persistent acne and it is common in women. It is formed on the areas of the chin, around the mouth and jawline. It causes tender, deeply seated and inflamed pimples in these areas.
- Late-onset acne – This acne suddenly appears even in those who never had before. This is also more common in women and it becomes a hitch during menopause. It is formed on the same areas of chin, around the mouth and jawline. It can even lead to lesions in the back and chest regions.
Causes of Adult Acne
- Adult acne is formed due to overproduction of an oily substance called sebum. The pores on the skin get clogged by the sebum, which favors bacteria
- Shedding of dead skin cells which results in irritation of facial hair leads to acne
- Over production of male hormones, called androgens also causes acne
- Imbalance of female and male hormones also causes acne breakouts
- It is even caused during menopause, perimenopause and pregnancy stages
- Certain cosmetics and corticosteroids may also develop acne
- Foods such as dairy products and carbohydrate rich foods can also cause acne
Treatments for Adult Acne
Treatment is a bit tricky for acne. There are many medications and topical creams for acne, but they may not be suitable for every skin type. They should be approached through trial and error method only, to check if the particular treatment suits the skin.
- Creams and Lotions – Over the counter products that contain retinol products help in cleaning the pores. Products of glycolic and salicylic acids help to fade away the acne scars and prevent discoloration of the skin. And product of benzoyl peroxide destroys the bacteria.
- Cleansers – Aquanil and cetaphil are gentile cleansers that help to clear the acne.
- Prescriptions – Oral medications such as tetracycline and topical antibiotics like clindamycin help to combat the bacteria in the pores. Spironolactone, a blood pressure drug and oral contraceptives help in hormonal balance. Dapsone gel, an antibiotic fights the bacteria and inflammation.
- Intricate Solutions – IPL (Intense pulsed light) and laser treatments aims acne scars. There is another therapy, called blue light which helps in killing the bacteria. Exploring the first options is the best, as these are costly treatments.
Home remedies for Adult Acne
Over the counter and prescribed medications may sometimes cause permanent scarring or side effects. Therefore, trying out the natural home remedies may be advisable.
- Peppermint – Crush a few peppermint leaves and apply the paste directly on the acne affected areas. Leave for 10 – 15 minutes and wash with cold water. It works as a very good antiseptic and anti-inflammatory.
- Tea Tree Oil – Using a cotton swab, apply diluted tea tree oil to the acne and leave overnight. This is very effective for mild to severe acne. It works as antifungal and antiseptic and reduces acne.
- Apple Cider Vinegar – Applying cider vinegar directly to the affected skin provides immediate relief, if it is mild acne. Another option is taking steam in a pot of boiled water with a cup of vinegar added to it. It works as an antibacterial and normalizes the pH of the skin.
- Oatmeal and Honey – Take half a cup of cooked oatmeal and a little honey. Mix them and apply this paste to the affected skin. Leave for about 10 – 15 minutes and wash away with lukewarm water. It has antiseptic properties that help in treating acne and reduces oiliness of the skin.
Hope this article finds interesting for you in gaining an overview of adult acne.