What is Dyslexia?

Dyslexia is a disorder that hinders proper language processing resulting in impaired writing, spelling, reading and even speaking. It is not caused by laziness, poor intelligence or bad vision. Dyslexia is a neurological disorder which makes the patients’ brain interpret and process information differently.

Dyslexia can affect people of all races and economic backgrounds. It can run in families. Surveys reveal that about 15% of Americans experience major reading problems. Since students need to read and write properly, it is important to detect dyslexia early in children. Affected patients can be taught alternative learning methods to achieve success.

Effects of Dyslexia

  • The impact depends on the severity. Most often patients have trouble reading, spelling, writing and differentiating between left and right.
  • In some children, dyslexia can start having an impact later on in their school years affecting their reading comprehension, grammar and other complex skills.
  • Some patients find it difficult to talk clearly. Their thought process and vocabulary are affected. Some others have trouble understanding words spoken by others though they may not have any hearing problem. Dyslexics can have problems understanding non-literal language like proverbs and jokes.
  • These deleterious impacts can affect the sufferer’s self-confidence. Dyslexic children who have learning problems can get frustrated and lose motivation to succeed.

How to Diagnose Dyslexia
Experts can diagnose dyslexia by evaluating a person’s proficiency or lack of it in speaking, reading and writing. Other factors are also considered such as social environment, educational background, intellect and family history.

Treatments for Dyslexia
It is important to identify and treat dyslexia early otherwise patients may under-utilize their potential and end up doing menial jobs below their capacity. Most dyslexics can become good writers and readers by taking the help of trained professionals, teachers and tutors. The following treatment methods can help you overcome dyslexia:

  • Teach your child reading, writing and other learning methods as early as possible.
  • Encourage your child to read different texts like comics, ads, magazines and books.
  • Dyslexics can request extra time to prepare for tests, complete assignments, etc. to ensure their grades do not suffer.
  • Patients can use assistive technology like voice recognition software and screen readers to improve their learning skills.
  • Consult a counselor if you experience emotional issues caused by academic difficulties.

Dyslexics need to understand that there are many fields they can succeed in which do not place too much importance on language skills. These fields include surgery, engineering, architecture, art, design, acting, sports etc. So if they have the aptitude and skills, dyslexics can succeed in any of the above fields by coping with and effectively overcoming their learning handicap.

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