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Effects of Tobacco

Many people are addicted to smoking cigarettes and some to chewing tobacco. Such people expose themselves to grave health risks as tobacco contains thousands of harmful chemicals and even known carcinogens. In fact, even the tobacco smoke is carcinogenic. In this article, we detail the many harmful effects of tobacco which may dissuade you from smoking or chewing tobacco ever after.

Effects of Tobacco
Cigarettes host tar, which stains smokers’ lungs, fingers and teeth. Tar can also cause lung and throat cancer. Nicotine in tobacco is responsible for the addictive nature of the substance. Nicotine can constrict smaller blood vessels, raise blood pressure and heart rate, and stimulate the nerves. In fact, it is highly toxic and was earlier used to make pesticides.

More Dangerous Effects of Tobacco

  • Smelly breath
  • Gum disease
  • Shortness of breath
  • Reduces oxygen flow to the heart and brain
  • Can cause many types of cancers, particularly lung cancer
  • Can cause gangrene, which often results in amputation of limbs
  • Can cause artery diseases and cardiovascular ailments
  • Can cause stoke, impotence, infertility and blindness

Effects of Passive Smoking
Even if you are not a smoker, passive smoking can cause many deleterious health effects such as:

  • Reduced lung function
  • Ear and respiratory infections
  • Coughing and sneezing
  • Watery and/or sore eyes

Effects of Tobacco on Pregnant Women and Baby
If a pregnant woman continues to smoke, the baby becomes more vulnerable to respiratory problems and Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS). Other risks include:

  • Stillborn births
  • Premature birth
  • Miscarriages
  • Low birth weight

Harmful Effects of Chewing Tobacco

  • Erodes teeth and makes them decay early
  • Leads to gum slump because of infection and decomposition
  • Causes bad breath
  • Impacts eating habit
  • Can cause lung and oral cancer
  • Damage to lips, jaw and tongue
  • Lip cancer and discoloration of lips
  • Sore throat
  • Irritation and rashes on tongue
  • Difficulty in moving tongue and jaws
  • Burning sensation on tongue and lips

Quitting is Best
Many smokers find it difficult to quit smoking because of their addiction to tobacco. But it is worth persevering with because you can improve your health and quality of life for the long run. Some smokers try low-yield cigarettes as they think these are less addictive and harmful. Such cigarettes contain less nicotine, but smokers end up inhaling and smoking more, leading to deeper lung cancer. So, any cigarette is bound to do some damage. Therefore quit smoking today, starting now, to improve your health and bank balance.

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