A fiscal studies institute claims that child poverty is on the rise and the figures of children living in relative poverty will increase to a whopping 3 million if nothing is done by the year 2015 in Britain alone. In the U.S., according to the National Centre for Children in Poverty, 15 million children are living in relative poverty. And 640 million children from developing nations of Asia, South America, and Africa, are without shelter of any kind.
Child poverty is defined as the situation where children are living in families or are orphans that live below the set standard of living for that particular country. It is quite obvious that in some cases, the children maybe living in poverty, those from developed nations with their higher standards of living are actually in a better off position than those from less developed nations which have an already low standard of living.
The indicators of children living in poverty include access to education, shelter, drinking water, social and health services, sanitation facilities plus access to information.
Here are some of the major drivers behind this rampant spread of child impoverishment, and hopefully if identified, each of us can begin to work in their own small way to try and alleviate this problem and save future generations:
The major cause of poverty among children is being born to poor parents. This makes it clear that whatever causes their parents to be poor is what indirectly causes the children to suffer the same fate. Some of the reasons that cause adult poverty include bad government policies and political upheavals, unemployment, and discrimination; add to that increase in teenage and single mothers. The crumbling global economy has seen many people lose their jobs and so it is likely that the number of children living in poverty will increase as their parents are less able to finance their basic living requirements.
The cycle of poverty does not help matters as those raised in poverty are more than likely to end up as impoverished adults raising even more impoverished children themselves. This cycle needs to be broken if the children hope to see a better future at some point. Some people are able to break the cycle but these are few, and the rest are left behind, comprehensive initiatives need to be put in this place such that the children atleast have a chance of escaping the poverty ailing their parents. If the child is given a chance to become a self sustaining adult then they are less likely to raise their own children in poverty.
The United Nations started a global initiative to reduce child poverty levels by 2015, but so far the ongoing financial problems do not favor the achieving of the set target. In fact, instead of the numbers reducing, they are increasing as more adults become unemployed and soon sink to poverty dragging their children along with them.
Child poverty is a serious issue that needs to be eradicated as with its increase, so do the number of future poverty stricken adults given how the cycle works. The only way to break the chain is to offer these children the basic services they need to develop into well adjusted individuals with the ability sustain a livelihood that will keep them above the poverty line. Given that those most affected by poverty are women with their children, most governments have chosen to tackle this problem through female empowering programs such that if they are able to take care of their children, the children in turn will have a higher chance of success in life.