Upper Respiratory Infection Symptoms

Upper respiratory infections are caused by viruses or bacteria. These afflict the important body parts like pharynx, sinus and nose. Besides these organs, windpipe and airways are also affected. These infections can spread to other people by sneezing, coughing, or direct contact with an infected person. Generally people experience the symptoms of upper respiratory infections after 2 – 3 days from the ingestion of bacteria in your body. Although upper respiratory infections can occur throughout the year, most people get affected with this condition during winters. The upper respiratory infection symptoms are noticed in people of all age groups.

Upper Respiratory Infection Symptoms:

There are several upper respiratory infection symptoms. The most common symptoms are headaches, sneezing, runny nose and soreness in throat. Generally, these symptoms last for nearly a week or two. Following are some symptoms of upper respiratory infections.

  • Chills
  • Fussiness
  • Scratchy throat
  • Fatigue
  • Watery eyes
  • Vomiting
  • Sleep problems, particularly in infants and children
  • Malaise
  • Loss of appetite
  • Nasal congestion
  • Phlegm
  • Common cold
  • Cough
  • Fever
  • Bronchitis
  • Sinusitis
  • Laryngitis
  • Infections of ear
  • Blocked and stuffy nose
  • Bone and muscle aches

Causes of Upper Respiratory Infection:

There are several upper respiratory infections causes. People who work for long hours and are stressed out totally both mentally and physically are at higher risk of developing these infections. Eating contaminated or unhealthy food, smoking and staying in crowded places for long time are some causes of upper respiratory infections. According to a research, there are several viruses which cause these infections. Following are some prominent viruses which cause upper respiratory infections:

  • Coronavirus
  • Rhinovirus
  • Enterovirus
  • Respiratory syncytial virus
  • Adenovirus
  • Parainfluenza virus

Treatment for Upper Respiratory Infection:

Upper respiratory infection treatment depends on the past medical history and age of patient and also on seriousness of the condition. Increase fluids or liquids intake as it is the essential aspect of treatment for these infections. Irritation in nose and throat may be avoided easily by staying away from contaminated and polluted areas. Also one must follow basic healthy living rules like exercising regularly and washing hands before eating. These are the best prevention methods of this infection. Proper functioning of immune system prevents infections. Certain decongestants like pseudo ephedrine and antihistamines like loratadine are best for treating upper respiratory infections.

Antibiotics are not effective on viruses that are responsible for infections and sometimes they can cause serious side effects. Usage of heated or humidified air and ibuprofen or paracetamol for fever may be helpful. Most people believe that vitamin C is good for treating these infections, but according to researchers, large doses of the same can cause side effects.

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