Gestational Diabetes Causes
Scientifically, gestational diabetes is called Gestational Diabetes Mellitus. As the name suggests, it afflicts women during pregnancy. Women suffering from gestational diabetes don’t show any symptoms before their pregnancy. It is first detected during pregnancy. Often, the increase in blood sugar levels is observed during last trimester. Many times, the condition is cured after the delivery on its own, while sometimes women may deal with diabetes type II after delivery. Primarily, it is caused by hormones. Many hormonal changes take place during pregnancy. Certain changes can lead to glucose intolerance during pregnancy.
Gestational Diabetes Causes:
Generally, gestational diabetes is caused by two factors. In some cases, women may show resistance to insulin, while in others insulin may not be released at regular intervals. However, symptoms can be observed in both the cases.
Decrease in insulin levels: Sometimes, pancreas may not produce sufficient amounts of insulin. Because of lower insulin levels in bloodstream, blood sugar level increases, resulting in gestational diabetes.
Hormonal Changes: Numerous hormonal changes take place during pregnancy. These inhibit the working of insulin, leading to diabetes during pregnancy. The need for insulin increases during pregnancy. However, because of counter acts of hormones, it becomes difficult for the body to avoid increase in glucose levels in blood. This causes gestational diabetes. During pregnancy, some hormones transport nutrients to fetus from the mother. Simultaneously, certain hormones ensure that mother doesn’t suffer from low blood sugar. This results in increase in high blood sugar levels because of unresponsiveness of insulin.
Obesity: Obese women prior to pregnancy are more susceptible to develop gestational diabetes. If the weight increases rapidly during pregnancy, you must inform it to the obstetrician and gynecologist.
Family history of diabetes: Women who have a family diabetes history have more chances of developing gestational diabetes. Hence, it is must to inform the obstetrician and gynecologist about family diabetes history.
Polycystic Ovary Syndrome: This is one of the causes of gestational diabetes. Thus, women with this history must take proper care during pregnancy.
Diabetes during previous pregnancy: If a woman suffered from diabetes during previous pregnancy, there are more chances that she might suffer from gestational diabetes during subsequent pregnancy. Thus, one must watch the symptoms of gestational diabetes. Also, people are advised to take precautions to avoid it in the subsequent pregnancy.
Birth weight of previous child: If the birth weight of the previous child is more than 9 pounds, the woman is at higher chances of developing gestational diabetes during the subsequent pregnancy. This must be brought to obstetrician and gynecologist’s notice.
Overage: Women with late pregnancies are at higher risk of developing gestational diabetes. It is observed that women above 30 years of age are at higher risk compared to younger woman.
Ethnicity: Women from certain parts of Caribbean, Middle East, South Asia, etc are susceptible to diabetes during pregnancy.
These are a few gestational diabetes causes. It is best to consult to the gynecologist and obstetrician if you have a family history of diabetes. Also, follow the gestational diabetes meal plan to prevent gestational diabetes.