Parvovirus in Humans
The human parvovirus is also called parvovirus B19 or B19 virus. This is the leading cause of autoimmune disorders in humans. This causes an infection called the fifth disease or parvovirus infection. Often, this condition is observed in children. The parvovirus in human is also called slapped cheek syndrome. This parvovirus B19 afflicts only human beings. Let us take a look at parvovirus causes in human beings.
Causes of Parvovirus in Humans:
As discussed above, parvovirus B19 causes parvovirus infection in humans. People of all age groups are prone to this disease, but it mainly afflicts children and infants. This condition is highly contagious and can be transmitted from one person to another easily through respiratory droplets. However, the fifth disease or parvovirus is contagious in the initial stage that is before the appearance of rashes. If the rashes appear, the condition is not contagious. This condition may be very severe in cases like people suffering from anemia, various types of cancer and pregnant women. Contrarily, parvovirus B19 may give rise to anemia in those suffering from AIDS.
Symptoms of Parvovirus in Humans:
The early signs of this infection are difficult to associate to relate to parvovirus infection, as the signs are similar to flu or common cold. Following are the early symptoms of parvovirus infection.
- Sore throat
- Slight fever
Besides these, other distinctive symptoms in humans is rash appear on face within a week of the onset of the above discussed symptoms. The bright red and itchy rash is the characteristic of this symptom. This prominently appears on cheek, thus its called slapped cheek syndrome. These rashes may appear on other body parts such as trunk, legs and arms as well. The rashes which appear on human beings is called glove and sock rash because it develops on those body parts. Parvovirus infection during pregnancy can lead to disorders in baby.
Treatment for Parvovirus in Humans:
The treatment for this condition primarily depends on the severity of the condition. If the person is not suffering from other diseases when he is infected with parvovirus B19, he can be treated with anti-inflammatory and non-steroidal drugs and other prescribed drugs. As it is a viral infection, one must drink lots of water and take plenty of rest. If people are suffering from anemia and they are contracted with this infection, they must be treated with other treatments than traditional methods. People and children with compromised immune system must opt for immune globulin injections.
Parvovirus infection cannot be detected in the early stage because the early symptoms are similar to common cold. It is must to identify the disease in early stage and prevent it. Also, one must maintain proper cleanliness and hygienic conditions to prevent infectious diseases.