With the development of technology, there has been a rapid improvement in precautions and techniques used across the world for avoiding infections during the hospitalization of a person. However, it isn’t possible to eliminate or avoid hospital infections completely. The infections that are acquired after hospitalization are considered as the most serious condition in the entire medical history.
In many countries including developing and developed countries, hospital staff and doctors are educated for avoiding any possibility of infection during the hospitalization of a person. However, it is must to make people visiting hospitals and patients aware of these conditions and educate them for avoiding such infections.
Infections Acquired in Hospitals:
Infection is a disease that is acquired by a healthy human being through any means such as touching an infected person or an object, inhaling air that contains bacteria or germs or through bodily fluids which contain parasites, viruses, bacteria or germs that cause diseases. Infections which develop in hospital are called Hospital Acquired Infections. These infections primarily involve infections of urinary tract, skin, blood, lungs, etc. People with weak immune system are more susceptible to these infections.
Most Common Hospital Acquired Infections:
Most patients pick up some infections of lungs, wounds, pneumonia, blood streams, etc. during their hospitalization. Following are some most common infections in the hospitals:
Pneumonia: This is one of the most common hospital acquired infections.
Infection of ESBL-producing bacteria: These bacteria spread through the feces of an infected person. This bacterium can pass the technique of ESBL production to other bacteria and strains of this bacterium are becoming resistant to most commonly used antibiotics. This infection is most common in hospital acquired infections.
Pseudomonas Aeruginosa: This pathogen has developed resistance against the antibiotics used. It may cause respiratory infections in patients, endocarditis and gastrointestinal infections.
Vancomycin-Resistant Enterococci: This infects the urinary tract, blood streams or intestine of a person. It enters the human body through the cuts or wounds when one consumes meat or comes in contact with the animal carrying this bacterium. It stays dormant until any antibiotic is used on patient. This infection often develops when the person is hospitalized.
Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus: These bacteria spread through infection. These bacteria are found on skin and other body parts like nose. MRSA bacteria enter the body of a person through a cut or wound and infect the person. This bacterium has become more resistant to antibiotics and it becomes difficult to treat the infection.