Top Biodiversity Hotspots – The Endangered Ones!
Our planet is indeed panting for breath right now, due to pollution that is choking the Earth. Just look at some of the biodiversity hotspots in the world that are most remarkable yet threatened niches. These hotspots are the richest, but unfortunately the threatened reservoirs of flora and fauna. “If biodiversity cannot be protected in protected areas, where can we protect biodiversity?” Yes, life on our planet faces a crisis from both planetary and historical proportions. Crushing poverty and unsustainable consumption in most countries are some of the causes for destroying the precious nature.
Biodiversity is completely besieged. Extinction is the gravest fear of the biodiversity crisis, which is irreversible. Though extinction is a natural thing, human greed and illegal practices has increased the rate of extinction probably by several thousand times. Such mass extinctions have occurred five times in the entire history. Sadly, the last one brought in the end of “great dinosaur age”. So, what do you think has to be done in order to conserve this rich biodiversity? British ecologist Norman Myers said that the most important thing is to conserve this biodiversity which is gradually getting erased. Here are the top biodiversity hot spots that are the most endangered in the world.
California Floristic Province: This is a zone of beauty which mimics the Mediterranean climate. This wonderful province is a home to the giant sequia, which is the largest organism in the planet. The saddest thing about this place is the giant kangaroo rat, which is one of the threatened endemic species also found here. The critically endangered condor, which is the most popular and largest avian, is also found here. This rich province is severely endangered due to commercial farming, which is the major threat as it generates more than half of the agricultural products used by U.S. consumers. This hotspot faces a huge threat due to the expanding urban areas, road building, and pollution.
Atlantic Forest: These magnificent forests found in the tropical region of South America can boast of nearly 20,000 plant species, out of which 40% are endemic. However, the low point is that more than 2 dozen Severely Endangered vertebrae species are trying very hard to survive and flourish. These include species of lion tamarins and 6 bird species, which are restricted to the small forest in North-eastern Brazil. An amazing collection of almost 950 types of birds are found in this hotspot. Some of them include the Brazilian merganser, red-billed curassow, and a number of parrot species. Urbanization is again one of the main factors that is causing a pressure in the Atlantic Forest. It all began with sugar-cane plantations and then coffee plantations, which are the causes of havoc in this natural habitat.
Caucasian: The arid woodlands, savannas, forests, and deserts comprise a huge number of endemic plant species. This rugged landscape is a shelter for an endemic species that is put to jeopardy; these are the mountain goats or Caucasian turs. Apart from these species, this hotspot is home to more than 6,400 species of plants, 378 species of birds, and various breeds of reptiles. However, the recent political and economic crisis in this region are so intense that they are clearing forests for fuel and wood. People have become so greedy for making more money that they even hunt for animals and birds illegally. These adverse factors have become a threat to these mountain regions.
Cape Floristic Region: This is one of the world’s five Mediterranean hotspots. It is characterized by the evergreen fire-dependent shrub lands. This ecological region is a home for many plant species in the world. This is the only hotspot, which encompasses the entire floral kingdom. The Cape sugar-bird, geometric tortoise, and other species of antelopes are some of the popular fauna of this region. Around 33% of this amazing region has been converted for urbanization and agricultural projects. Another threat is the dense stands of alien invasive plants.
East Melanesian Islands: These islands hold an exceptional linguistic and cultural diversity. This is the most geographically complex location, which was once largely intact. Some of the endemic species that are severely endangered are the amazing flying fox and the majestic Solomons sea-eagle. Again human practices like illegal mining, unsustainable farming and excessive logging are some of the reasons for being a hotspot.
“The most remarkable areas on earth are also the most threatened. These are the hotspots that are the richest and most threatened reservoirs of plants and animal life on Earth.” So, what are we supposed to do? People must remove the very thought of urbanization and other methods that are threatening the nature. It is so sad to see so many species becoming endangered! It is high time to do our share in protecting our planet. Right now, our planet is gasping for breath due to toxic gases, which is actually choking her! I hope that people would understand that it is high time to take action for tackling this alarming state. This can be done by implementing simple steps that would surely make a huge difference! We must work with one motto in mind; OUR PLANET EARTH WILL STAY FOREVER
E.O.Wilson, an American Biologist and Researcher, once famously said that,“We should preserve every scrap of biodiversity as priceless while we learn to use it and come to understand what it means to humanity.”