The bulging of the skull which one can feel behind the ear is the place where mastoiditis occurs. If the mastoid air cells are infected by bacteria, it is known as mastoiditis. Usually, it occurs when the infection of the ear reaches mucus membrane which surrounds mastoid air cells and the bone, thereby causing infectious disease. This infection usually affects children. If you know the mastoiditis symptoms, you can easily treat them and can recover in no time. So, let’s look at the symptoms of mastoiditis.
There are many signs of this infection. If you observe any of these signs, consult the health care provider immediately for assistance. Even though children suffer from this condition more, adults may also suffer from this infection. Hence, both adults and children must be careful as it can result in hearing loss. Following are some common signs and symptoms of mastoiditis:
- Ear pain or discomfort in the ear is the main symptom of mastoiditis
- A person might experience bad or slight headache
- The affected person may suffer from loss of hearing
- Also, person may have pain in the mastoid area
- The mastoid area may swell and turn red in color and there may be tenderness in the area
- The ear starts draining out pus, blood or ear wax
- If a person suffers from this infection, he might get an irritation feeling in the ear
- If you touch the ear, you may feel warmer compared to body temperature
Hence, these are a few common symptoms of mastoiditis in children and adults. In children, you may also notice loss of appetite and they become very irritated. Fortunately, there are many treatments available for treating this infection.
Treatments for Mastoiditis:
Even though there are many treatments for this infection, the medication cannot reach mastoid bone properly. Hence, the treatment takes a long period. So, doctors first give antibiotics through injections and orally. Gentamicin, ciprofloxacin, clavulanate and ticarcillin are the most prescribed antibiotics. These medications help in killing the bacterial infection. If this fails, surgery is the only method for treating this infection. Through surgery, one part of mastoid bone is removed, middle ear is drained and this infection is removed, the process is known as mastoidectomy. Later, antibiotics are continued.
If left untreated, the condition may get aggravated and the person may either suffer from brain abscess or meningitis. Hence, it is best to treat the infection in the initial stage. If you notice any of the symptoms of mastoiditis, consult the doctor immediately.