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What Causes Periodontal Disease?

Periodontal disease is an inflammation of the gums around the tooth. This condition is mainly caused due to the formation of tartar and plaque on the surface of the teeth. This is a severe form of gum disease or gingivitis. It is marked by the loss of attachment between the teeth and jawbone. The tissues and the bones which hold the teeth are damaged due to this condition. Periodontal disease is more prevalent in adults compared to children. In adults, loss of teeth is mainly due to this disease.

Periodontal Disease Causes:
Following are the causes of periodontal disease:

Illnesses: People suffering from health conditions which damage the gums or the diseases which affect the immunity such as cancer, HIV, diabetes, etc are more likely to be affected with these infections.

Bad habits: Periodontal disease mostly affects people who chew tobacco or do smoking.

Poor oral hygiene: Periodontal disease is primarily caused by poor oral hygiene. Bacteria in the teeth form a colorless, sticky film on the teeth continuously. If flossing or brushing isn’t done regularly, plaque gets collected and over a period of time it becomes tartar and harbor for bacteria. Tartar cannot be removed with normal brushing. This can be done by a professional dentist.

Medications: Some drugs like dilantin can affect the gum tissues. Oral contraceptives and antidepressant drugs also afflict the oral health.

Periodontal Disease Symptoms:
Periodontal disease symptoms don’t appear unless the disease progresses to advanced stage. Abnormal bulging of gums is the most common symptom. Following are other symptoms of this disease:

  • Formation of pus between the tooth and gum
  • Bleeding while eating hard food and brushing teeth
  • Loss of teeth
  • Pain and sores in the mouth
  • Gum bleeding
  • Persistent bad breath
  • Swollen gums

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