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Types of Infectious Diseases

Are you experiencing low energy levels and loss of appetite? Then, it can be the onset of infectious disease. These symptoms are bothersome and you cannot ignore them. There are many types of infectious diseases and their symptoms may differ, but generally they make you feel sick and trigger nauseating feeling.

Types of Infectious Diseases:

There are numerous common infectious diseases. These diseases can be classified based on the micro organism responsible for the onset of the infection. Generally, parasites, fungus, bacteria and viruses cause infectious diseases. Even though these are present everywhere, if their presence increases in the body, a person then shows the symptoms of an infection. Drinking contaminated water or eating contaminated food can cause these diseases. People with weak immune system are more susceptible to any infectious disease. Following are some types of infectious diseases:

Pneumonia:

This is a lung infection. This disease is marked by lung inflammation and often, it is caused by viral or bacterial infection. People affected with this condition complain about chest pain and breathing problems. Chest X-rays and blood tests are performed to confirm the disease. Rarely, common cold or seasonal flu aggravate and trigger pneumonia.

Hepatitis:

Hepatitis is a viral infection. In this condition, liver gets inflamed. Dark urine and skin discoloration usually yellow are the common signs of hepatitis. It is must to treat this condition in early stage. If hepatitis C or hepatitis B is not treated, they may cause permanent liver damage.

Tuberculosis:

Tuberculosis is an infectious disease which causes frequent episodes of cough. Basically, this is a bacterial infection of lungs. One can observe the symptoms only in its advanced stage. As it is an airborne disease, it can affect anyone. The cough worsens and produces blood as the health condition progresses. This cough persists for 3 weeks and causes pain in the chest.

Malaria:

Malaria is a parasitic infection. The parasite enters the body through mosquito bites. In short, mosquito transmits the disease from one person to another. A person afflicted with malaria experiences excessive sweating and high fever.

Oral thrush:

Oral thrush is a fungal infection. It is due to the excessive growth of fungus in the lining of the mouth. This causes an uncomfortable feeling in the mouth. As white lesions appear on the tongue, they cause uncomfortable feeling. In severe cases, these are observed on tonsils and gums. It is not a major issue and is often diagnosed in infants. The health care provider may suggest some anti-fungal medications to reduce the pain.

Cholera:

Cholera is a bacterial infection which infects intestines. The bacterium stays in the small intestine and secretes a toxin. Abdominal pain and diarrhea are the symptoms of cholera. This condition is mainly caused by consuming unhygienic food or drinking contaminated water. Watery diarrhea makes a person dehydrated. Hence to prevent dehydration, one must take fluids at regular intervals.

Dengue fever:

Dengue fever is another infectious disease caused by mosquito bites. It is a viral infection. Aedes aegypti mosquito acts as virus carrier and when it bites, the virus is transmitted into a person. High fever and red rash on several areas of skin are the symptoms of dengue fever.

Before prescribing any medications, it is must to identify the infection. Antibiotics are given for bacterial infections, while anti fungal medications are given to those suffering from fungal infections. Antimalarial medicines are suggested for those with parasitic infections such as malaria.

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