Epidemic vs Pandemic

Both pandemics and epidemics afflict large number of people. These diseases are transmitted either through media such as food, air or water or through direct contact. If appropriate measures are not taken for contagious disease, the disease spreads to other people taking the form of an epidemic. If it afflicts even larger population, it is referred to as pandemic. Pandemic and epidemic diseases may range from cold and flu to yellow fever, measles, cholera, influenza, malaria, etc. If a disease which can spread through the contact, water, food, air or a vector causing it may become a pandemic or an epidemic in case it cannot be controlled. Read through the below lines to analyze the differences between pandemics and epidemics.

Pandemic is similar to an epidemic. Pandemic afflict larger population than the epidemic. If preventive measures are not implemented thoroughly, an epidemic takes the form of a pandemic. If the weather conditions are favorable for spreading of the disease causing agents, a pandemic develops. AIDS and cancer patients are more prone to epidemics. Another reason is that the pathogen may become more resistant to vaccine or drug against the health issue.

Several reasons can result in the spread of an epidemic in a large crowd. People with weak immune system and those suffering from malnutrition are more susceptible to epidemic diseases. Apart from theses, people suffering from cancer and AIDS have higher chances of becoming the victims of these diseases. Causative agents or pathogens become resistant to the vaccine and thus, result in the spread of the disease.

Pandemic vs Epidemic:
What is a pandemic?
The word pandemic is derived from Greek words “pan” (meaning all) and “demos” (meaning people). If an epidemic afflicts many people and spreads over a large area, it is referred to as pandemic. It is difficult to control pandemics as they spread like wild fire, afflicting claiming lives of thousands of people worldwide. Let us see a list of pandemics which occurred in the past.

List of Pandemics in past:
In 18th Century, small pox was one of the deadly pandemics which affected many people. Nearly, 60 million Europeans died due to this pandemic. In 1918, Spanish flu had killed almost 50 million people across the globe and nearly half a million Americans. Children below 5 years and pregnant women are more susceptible to malaria. It is caused by female anopheles mosquito. Once it claimed nearly two million lives across the globe. Hence, basically a pandemic is an epidemic which is geographically spread throughout a particular region or the world.

What is an epidemic?
Epidemic is taken from Greek words, “epi” (meaning upon) and “demos” (meaning people). It usually affects a large population by a disease. Generally they are restricted to a small region such as a town or a city. As epidemics afflict less population, it is easy to control the disease. In past, epidemics had killed thousands of people.

List of Epidemics in past:
Plague or Black Death is an epidemic that widespread through fleas that are present on the bodies of rats. In 1350, plague affected a large number of Europeans. Cholera is another epidemic which is caused by the infestation of Vibrio Cholerae bacteria. Nearly, 30,000 Egyptians lost their lives due to cholera in the year 1947. Also, it affected many people in several countries such as Bangladesh, Pakistan, India and United States. Swine flu is the recent epidemic which was in news for a long period.

Hence, an epidemic is an outbreak of an infectious disease that afflicts a large population. I think you might have realized how important it is for taking precautionary measures for curbing their spread. We must be thankful to the modern research for providing vaccinations against several pandemics and epidemics. Also, other effective measure is controlling the spread of disease by isolating the infected person from others. Besides these, personal hygiene plays a vital role in controlling epidemics and pandemics.

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