Reduction in AIDS-linked Cancers in the U.S.
A recent study reveals that the number of AIDS-linked cancers has reduced among HIV patients in the U.S. But, other kinds of cancer are increasing among this group. HIV-linked cancers have been identified as invasive cervical cancer, non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma and Kaposi’s sarcoma.
The incidence of these three cancers reduced from 34,000 cases in between the years 1991 to 1995 to around 10,000 cases in between 2001 to 2005. The researchers say this reduction is because effective antiretroviral therapy was introduced in 1996. This therapy improves immunity, reduces AIDS progression and improves the survival chances of HIV patients.
But, HIV patients suffered from higher incidence of other kinds of cancers, which rose from around 3,000 cases in between 1991 to 1995 to around 10,000 cases in between 2001 to 2005. These findings were recently published in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute.