What is Menstrual Pain?
The very utterance of the word “Menstrual Pain” makes most of the women who have been familiar with it through their lives go red. A very few lucky women escape this nightmare with a mild affect on them. Menstrual cramps, the other name of it, are the sharp pains experienced by a woman in her lower abdomen, lower back and pelvis during her monthly period. These cramps could be the reason for the absence of women at work for a day or two, for the missing sports practices among school going teenage girls and for avoiding social events.
Although the timely occurrence of menstrual cycle is considered a sign of the woman’s health, Menstrual Pain can be debilitating in more than 90% of women.
Types of Dysmenorrhea:
Dysmenorrhea which means “painful or difficult periods” is the medical name of Menstrual Pain. There are two types of this condition.
This is the most common type experienced by majority of the women. There is no underlying cause of this pain. Six months to one year after a girl experiences her first period, also known as menarche, this type of pain begins. The cramps begin at the start of the period and continue for 2-3 days.
This is mainly due to some underlying problems associated with a woman’s reproductive system such as pelvic inflammatory disease, endometriosis, fibroids, ovarian cysts etc. This type of dysmenorrheal develops at a later stage in a woman’s life but can show its evidence during menarche.
Risk Factors of Menstrual Pain:
- Menarche at a very young age (younger than 11 years).
- Cigarette smoking.
- Alcohol consumption.
- Being obese or overweight.
- Menstrual periods longer than five days.
- Diarrhea or constipation.
- Vomiting (Not very often).
- Heavy menstrual flow.
Treating Menstrual Pain:
Dysmenorrhea can be treated using pain relieving drugs, contraceptives, healthy and nutritional food intake and acupuncture in extreme, unbearable pain.