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What is Menstrual Pain?

The very utterance of the word “Menstrual Pain” makes most of the women who have been familiar with it through their lives go red. A very few lucky women escape this nightmare with a mild affect on them. Menstrual cramps, the other name of it, are the sharp pains experienced by a woman in her lower abdomen, lower back and pelvis during her monthly period. These cramps could be the reason for the absence of women at work for a day or two, for the missing sports practices among school going teenage girls and for avoiding social events.

Although the timely occurrence of menstrual cycle is considered a sign of the woman’s health, Menstrual Pain can be debilitating in more than 90% of women.

Types of Dysmenorrhea:

Dysmenorrhea which means “painful or difficult periods” is the medical name of Menstrual Pain. There are two types of this condition.

Primary Dysmenorrhea:

This is the most common type experienced by majority of the women. There is no underlying cause of this pain. Six months to one year after a girl experiences her first period, also known as menarche, this type of pain begins. The cramps begin at the start of the period and continue for 2-3 days.

Secondary Dysmenorrhea:

This is mainly due to some underlying problems associated with a woman’s reproductive system such as pelvic inflammatory disease, endometriosis, fibroids, ovarian cysts etc. This type of dysmenorrheal develops at a later stage in a woman’s life but can show its evidence during menarche.

Risk Factors of Menstrual Pain:

  • Menarche at a very young age (younger than 11 years).
  • Cigarette smoking.
  • Alcohol consumption.
  • Being obese or overweight.
  • Menstrual periods longer than five days.

Symptoms:

  • Headache.
  • Diarrhea or constipation.
  • Nausea.
  • Vomiting (Not very often).
  • Heavy menstrual flow.

Treating Menstrual Pain:

Dysmenorrhea can be treated using pain relieving drugs, contraceptives, healthy and nutritional food intake and acupuncture in extreme, unbearable pain.

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