Singing, a Great Way to Reduce Blood Pressure Before Surgery

In a case report appearing in the journal Arthritis Care & Research, a 76-year old woman experiencing severe preoperative hypertension before the total knee replacement surgery was able to reduce her blood pressure through singing. She was unresponsive to pharmacologic interventions. However, the patient’s blood pressure reduced considerable when she started singing religious songs. The traditional practice to control preoperative hypertension is drug-based therapy. Medications are used to reduce the blood pressure to normal levels. But many patients do not respond to the medicines. In such a case, alternative hypertension intervention is required.

Many studies show that music can be quite effective in lowering blood pressure. It calms and diverts the attention of the patient before the surgery. This, in turn, lessens the anxiety and stress. According to Nina Niu, the lead author of the study, the case study explains that music or singing had strong therapeutic effect in preoperative setting. The 76 year old woman who had hypertension was admitted to the hospital for a knee surgery. In the preoperative setting, her blood pressure raised to 240/120 mm Hg. It was imperative to bring down her blood pressure. The patient told the doctors that she frequently sang to calm her nerves and asked them if she could do so. She continuously sang for 20 minutes throughout the night which kept her blood pressure at normal levels. The following morning she was successfully operated.

The researchers feel that singing is free, safe and simple. Doctors should encourage and allow the patients to sing to reduce blood pressure and control pain. Further studies on these grounds are required.

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