Novel Treatment for Type 1 Diabetes Discovered

Experts from UT Southwestern Medical Center have discovered a new hormone which functions similar to the signaling molecule insulin. The details of their study are published in the March 25 2011 issue of the journal Science.

The study has presented a new treatment approach for type 1 diabetes. If a further break-through is achieved from this study, it would be benefiting nearly a million people in the United States who are left with injecting the hormone insulin several times a day to regulation the glucose levels in their body.

The researchers found this new hormone fibroblast growth factor 19 (FGF19) does not convert excess sugar in the body to fat. This particular ability of the hormone is seen by the experts as the key to develop a remedy for Type 1 diabetes and Obesity.

When this hormone was injected into the body of the experimental diabetic mice, very positive results were obtained. In this way, increasing the levels of this hormone can emerge as replacement for the insulin therapy in near future.

Presently, the challenge before the researchers is to reduce the side effects of this hormone which include development of cancer and increase in the size of the liver.

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