What is a Concussion?
A concussion occurs when the brain is jarred which affects its functioning. When the brain is shaken or jarred, the soft tissue bangs against the harder bone. This can result in nerve damage, ruptured blood vessels and bruising.
Causes of Concussion
Most often, a concussion results when the head is hit. This can be caused by hard tackles in hockey or football, car accidents, falls, etc.
Symptoms of Concussion
Sometimes, there may be no symptoms. But, at other times, the patient may become unconscious, dizzy or confused. He/she may suffer a headache, ringing ears and amnesia. Their speech may become slurred, and they might feel fatigued, nauseated or even vomit. Over time, other symptoms could emerge such as sensitivity to sound and light, mood changes, sleep disturbances and concentration or memory problems. Rest and proper treatment are required to resolve concussion symptoms.
How to Handle a Concussion
You should immediately get medical attention for the concussion victim. You should never use NSAIDs, ibuprofen or aspirin to treat a concussion as these can enhance the chances of bleeding.
Treatment for Concussion
The doctor will assess the symptoms by checking the patient’s pupils and the extent of his/her memory loss and confusion. The doctor may order tests such as MRI, EEG or CT scan. Relevant medications and rest are then recommended to treat pain or headaches.
Prevention of Concussion
Most often, concussions occur by accident. Still, you can protect yourself by taking some common sense precautions. Ensure you wear seat belt while traveling in a car. Children should be seated in safety seats. Always wear protective head gear while taking part in athletic activities such as horseback riding, bicycling, skating etc. Do not wear footwear that may cause falls and slips.
Some concussion symptoms can last for a long time. The victim may suffer changes in memory, sleep and mood. He/she may suffer from frequent bouts of fatigue, dizziness and headaches. Sports-persons who suffer repeated concussions face the danger of permanent neurological damage.