Facts About Sports Injuries
Sports injuries affect about four percent of the population annually. Even walking can sometimes cause injury, due to accidents. Sports persons are more likely to suffer bone fractures, and tendon and muscle injuries. But, this should not be a reason to avoid sports, as sports persons are healthier than sedentary people. Read on to learn more facts about sports injuries.
Causes of Sports Injuries
Bad training methods, unsafe exercising environment, weak ligaments, tendons and muscles, and structural abnormalities are some of the common causes of sports injuries. Poor training routines are the main cause of sports injuries. Our body muscles need about 48 hours of recovery after a training workout. We should listen to our body and stop exercising when we feel pain, to avoid sports injuries.
Common Sports Injuries
- Shin splints
- Achilles Tendinitis
- Lumbar strain
- Lateral and medial epicondylitis
- Metatarsal stress fracture
If you suffer from any sports injury, take adequate rest. Do not exercise the injured part until it heals properly.
Diagnosing Sports Injuries
Your doctor would be able to diagnose the injury based on your description. Standard tests are also used to detect sports injuries. To detect fractures and severe injuries, scans and X-rays are used.
Treating Sports Injuries
Sports injuries are treated with elevation, compression, ice and rest. These methods can effectively treat injuries and prevent them from becoming worse. Ice should be applied for 10 minutes, many times during the day. Consult your physiotherapist to learn specific exercises which can strengthen particular tendons and muscles. Other treatment methods are steroid injections and surgery. Surgery is only used as a last resort.
Preventing Sports Injuries
Use the right sports equipment at all times. Your shoes should suit the sport and fit properly. You should also use protective gear such as padding, face masks and helmets at all times. Learn the correct technique of the sport to avoid sports injuries. Do not go all out with full physical effort until you have learnt the right techniques. You should also warm up and cool down properly before and after your workouts. Stretch properly to improve muscle performance. Follow the above advice to avoid sports injuries and enjoy yourself without fear.