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Medications for Chronic pain

medications

To relieve chronic pain, there are many medicines available. To find out which is the most suitable for you, you might need to try out all of them alone or in combination. Read on to learn useful information about various medications for chronic pain.

Opioids for Chronic Pain
These are narcotic medicines that can treat even chronic pain. But, long-term use of opioids remains controversial, as users may get addicted. These medications can be bought in patch or pill form. For chronic cancer pain, opioids may be administered intravenously. Fetanyl and oxycodone are common opioids used to treat chronic pain. The side effects of opioids include sexual dysfunction, constipation, drowsiness and nausea.

Acetaminophen and NSAIDs for Chronic Pain

These are used to treat moderate pain. They can be bought over the counter. Meloxicam, naproxen and ibuprofen are a few common NSAIDs used to treat chronic pain. These medicines have certain side effects such as increased risk of bruising, bleeding and gastrointestinal ulcers. Another type of NSAIDs, known as COX-2 inhibitors, can increase the risk of stroke or heart attack. Therefore, consult your doctor about the benefits and risks of these medications for chronic pain.

Antidepressants
These medicines can lower anxiety and promote good sleep. Some useful antidepressants for chronic pain are nefazodone, duloxetine and amitriptyline, which can treat both nerve pain and chronic pain.

Anticonvulsants
Pregabalin and gabapentine are two anticonvulsants commonly used to treat chronic pain.

Topical Analgesics
These are medications that need to applied on the skin and are sold as patches, lotions or creams. Certain types of topical medications can be bought over the counter, while some need a prescription.

Use Pain Medications Intelligently
You can use one of the above medications or more than one in combination. Ensure that you strictly follow directions. Always inform your physician about the medications you are using and tell him/her if you face any complications.

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