Morphine for Pain


Morphine sulfate is commonly used to relieve pain. Many hospices make use of morphine. Read on to learn useful information about using morphine for pain.

Why Use Morphine?

Morphine can be effective in treating pain and is well tolerated by the body. Besides, it is relatively inexpensive and easily available. Morphine can also effectively treat shortness of breath, besides pain.

Side Effects of Morphine

Listed below are a few side effects caused by morphine use:

  • Diarrhea
  • Constipation
  • Vomiting
  • Upset stomach
  • Drowsiness
  • Lightheadedness
  • Dizziness

Serious Side Effects of Morphine Use

  • Swelling of the lower legs, ankles, feet, hands or arms
  • Difficulty in swallowing
  • Tightness felt in the throat
  • Itching
  • Rash
  • Hives
  • Fainting
  • Blurred vision
  • Hallucinations
  • Seizures
  • Slow or fast heartbeat
  • The skin color may become purple or blue
  • Irregular, shallow or slow breathing

How to Use Morphine

Oral Solution

Liquid morphine is easy to administer. Morphine can be concentrated and used in small liquid amounts. This can help patients who have difficulty in swallowing pills. Liquid morphine becomes effective in a few minutes and its effects last for about four hours. Oral morphine solution has a bitter taste. Since it is concentrated, you should be careful to make the dose accurate.

Capsules or Tablets

These are of two types: Rapid release tablets and extended release tablets. Rapid release tablets are effective for about four hours. Extended release tablets can be taken once in 12 hours, or sometimes once each day. These are used by patients who suffer from chronic pain.

Other Delivery Methods

These include injections and intravenous infusion. But, these delivery methods are not all that popular compared to oral morphine solution or tablets. So, if you are suffering from shortness of breath or chronic pain, talk to your doctor about using morphine for pain.

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