Blocking the Actions of Glucagon Can Cure Type 1 Diabetes
1 million people in the United States suffer from the Type 1 Diabetes. In these patients, the islet cells of the pancreas which produce insulin are destroyed. As a result, they inject this hormone artificially several times a day to keep the blood sugar levels in check. The process is quite cumbersome but the type 1 diabetics are left with no choice in order to avoid serious complications.
Researchers from the University of Southwestern in collaboration with experts from the Albert Einstein College of Medicine have found that suppressing the actions of a hormone glucagon can make the hormone insulin superfluous.
Experiments carried out on laboratory mice have found that removing glucagon receptors did not affect either the presence or the absence of insulin in anyways and posed no threat for developing Type 1 Diabetes.
The researchers believe that if the preset study works in case of humans as well, then the partially effective but standard treatment insulin therapy might become redundant for Type 1 Diabetes.
However, means to naturally block the glucagon hormone needs to be discovered and is the subject of further research in this field.