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Testicular Pain Causes

Testicular Pain

Temporary pain results when the testicles are affected by physical trauma. Chronic testicular pain occurs when there is severe injury, infection or hernia. Testicular cancer can also cause testicular pain. Read on to learn more about various testicular pain causes.

Epididymitis and Epididymo-Orchitis
Both these testicular infections are caused by sexually transmitted diseases or bacterial infections. In the case of Epididymitis, the epididymis becomes inflamed. Epididymis is the structure which collects the sperm after they exit the testes. In Epididymo-orchitis, both the testes and the epididymis become inflamed. Symptoms of these two conditions include painful urination, fever and gradually increasing testicular pain. To treat Epididymitis and Epididymo-Orchitis, you can use non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medications (NSAIDs) and antibiotics to relieve pain and fever.

Inguinal Hernias
This occurs when protruding intestines enter the scrotum and compress the testicular structures. It can be a very painful condition. An inguinal hernia may sometimes require surgery. If treatment is not immediate, there could be intestinal obstruction, which can sometimes be fatal.

Orchitis (Mumps)
This is a testicular infection caused by viruses or bacteria. Gonorrhea, chlamydia and mumps can all lead to orchitis. Common orchitis symptoms include swollen or tender testicles, nausea and/or fever and blood in semen. If orchitis is due to sexually transmitted diseases, it can be treated with oral antibiotics. If viral mumps are the cause of orchitis, there is no known cure. Orchitis is not dangerous, but can lead to infertility, if it is not treated. Mumps is usually prevented by childhood vaccination.

Testicular Cancer
Pain is not usually a symptom of testicular cancer. Swollen or enlarged testicules are the major symptoms of testicular cancer. But, there is less than half a percent risk of this type of cancer. If your scrotum feels heavy, or one or both of your testicles are swollen, consult your doctor to know the reason.

Testicular Torsion
This occurs when blood flow is blocked to the testicles. Connective tissue defects, trauma and strenuous exercise can all cause testicular torsion. Common symptoms include vomiting, nausea or severe and sudden pain in one testicle. To save the testicle, surgery or emergency manipulation is required.

Trauma and Hematocele
Testicle pain due to trauma lasts only for about 30 minutes. If the pain persists for longer, consult a doctor immediately. Hematocele condition occurs when there is chronic testicular pain due to trauma. This type of pain happens because the blood pools in the scrotum. In most cases, hematocele clears up by itself. But, if the pain persists, surgery may be required.

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