20 Years of The World Wide Web
Nowadays, we are totally dependent on internet and information available on it. Do people know something about world wide web and its inventor? Lets discuss about the journey of 20 years of World Wide Web in this article, as this year marks the celebration of its 20th birthday. This article also focuses on how world wide web has changed the life of people around the world.
Tim Berners Lee, the mind behind the world wide web is neither famous nor rich and is fine by him. This person continues to shape the frantic evolution of the world wide web, says – “We still have to learn more about web’s design, operation and impact on society”.
The world wide web (www) is celebrating its 20th anniversary this month. It went live 20 years ago on a single computer in December, 1990 at CERN, Geneva, Switzerland. Tim Berner Lee says “The remarkable progress of the Web today has been quite gratifying to me”.
According to Tim Berner Lee, “The web is by no means finished. Every bit of past and future advancement rest on two things- social conventions and technological protocols”. The social conventions like creating links or the rules of engagement on a social networking site and technological protocols like HTML and HTTP, which determine how computer interact. These protocols allow people to interact. According to him, we still know a very little about these social and technological mechanisms.
According to Berner Lee – “We have only scratched the surface of what could be realized with deeper scientific investigation into the Web’s design, operation and impact on society”. Berner Lee further says – “Robust technical design, innovative business decisions and sound public policy judgment all require that we are aware of the complex interactions between technology and society”. He says that his awareness will come from Web Science. Web Science trust had been created in MIT and University of Southampton, UK to enhance the web science as a new academic discipline. This organization brings all the global advisory council of remarkable computer scientist, legal scholars and social scientists together. Their aim is to develop an intellectual foundation, educational environment and resource base which help researchers build up a new science of the Web.
About Tim Berner Lee
Tim Berner Lee, the inventor of the Web, has never gotten famous or rich from the Web and has remained unknown to the public. He is driven by his dreams and money is just fine for him. Every person who’s using a nugget of information on the Web, owes a debt to him. But, he’s not looking to be lionized. This ego free inventory says – “I am happy to let others play the role of royalty, just as long as they do not try to control the web”.
- Berner Lee is the son of two computer pioneers who were a part of Manchester University team, which developed the first commercial electronic computer sold by Ferrati Ltd.
- His mother and father showed the joy of solving mathematical problems to young Tim, who built his own mock computer out of card board boxes.
- When he reached his home one day, he discovered his father writing a speech on how computers make the intuitive connections the way the brain does. This challenge stood in young Berner’s mind.
- Berner Lee obtained a Physics degree and several stints as a software engineer, joined a programming job at CERN, Geneva.
- It was difficult to maintain the track of 5000 scientist’s interrelated projects and their incompatible computers at CERN. So, in his spare time, he did experimental programming to help him remember the connections.
- He learned about internet, hypertext and a vast matrix of telephone and networking wires which linked computers. This way, it became popular among researchers and academicians for sending emails, but this system was difficult for non-computer users.
The Web was not an overnight success. It took hard work of two years before Berner Lee with help from computer scientist from CERN – Robert Cailliau and Jean Francois Abramatic. Robert helped Berner Lee to pitch the idea of the World Wide Web and Abramatic is the former chairman of W3C (Word Wide Web Consortium).