Cogan Syndrome Symptoms
Cogan’s syndrome symptoms mostly affect the eyes and ears. The disease is believed to be of autoimmune origin making its cause is unknown. It is a rare ailment mostly affecting people in their 20s and 30s. In handful of cases the disease affects the children and then it becomes extremely difficult to diagnose the symptoms.
The body’s natural protection mechanism technically known as the immune system is believed to attack the eyes and ears in this disease as it loses the ability to differentiate between healthy and unhealthy cells.
Cogan Syndrome Symptoms:
- Eye inflammation
- Progressive hearing impairment
- Weight loss
- Swelling of blood vessels of some major organs of the body seen in 15 percent patients
As the disease is of autoimmune origin, there is no cure for it. Why the body’s immune system turns hostile and affects particular organs is yet to be understood clearly. There are 80 known types of diseases falling into the category of autoimmunity.
These conditions can only be treated by keeping the signs and their associated complications under check. For patients suffering from this disease and their loved ones, it is very important that they have ample awareness about these signs and available treatment options.
Diagnosis of Cogan’s Syndrome Symptoms:
Erythrocyte sedimentation rate test or ESR test is carried out to find the extent of swelling present in the body. Here the rate at which the red blood cells precipitate in a laboratory test tube in an hour is measured. The count of white blood cells is also measured whose high levels indicate presence of foreign bodies.
C-reactive protein is another chemical in the body whose high levels in the blood indicate more swelling. The count of red blood cells can be below the accepted levels and the count of platelets in the blood is also elevated. Unfortunately, none of these diagnostic methods can precisely state that a person has Cogan syndrome signs.
A slit-lamp examination becomes essential for finding the signs. In recent times, use of high resolution MRI and looking for antibodies in the ears are suggested as new diagnostic methods.