Symptoms of Autoimmune Hemolytic Anemia

According to the National Cancer Institute, symptoms of autoimmune hemolytic anemia, immunohemolytic anemia and immune complex hemolytic anemia refer to the signs belonging a single ailment.

The disease is an autoimmune disorder in which the body’s natural protection system turns hostile and destroys the red blood cells. These cells are involved in supplying oxygen to the entire body. When the count of these cells comes down below the normal levels, the symptoms start becoming apparent.

Warm autoimmune hemolytic anemia, Cold agglutinin disease and Paroxysmal cold hemoglobinuria are the three types of this disease. As it is an autoimmune disorder neither the cause of the disease is known nor their is any cure for it. Treatment techniques aim at curbing the symptoms of the ailment.

Symptoms of Autoimmune Hemolytic Anemia:

  • Early symptoms are mild which are hard to diagnose
  • Anemia due to abnormal destruction of red blood cells
  • Symptoms of the underlying condition
  • High blood bilirubin levels indicating presence of foreign organisms in the body
  • Increased reticulocyte count or abnormal growth of immature red blood cells
  • Weakness
  • Headache
  • Tiredness
  • Low red blood cell count
  • Dark urine
  • Light headedness
  • Irritability
  • Shortness of breath after exercise
  • Hemoglobin, the substance which gives blood its red color, appears in the urine
  • Sleeping problems
  • Concentration problems
  • Irregular heartbeat
  • Rapid heartbeat
  • Difficulty in swallowing
  • Chest pain
  • Pallor – Paleness in skin color
  • Cold skin
  • Jaundice
  • Enlarged spleen
  • Impaired cognitive ability
  • Dizziness
  • Sensation of abdominal fullness
  • Two blood examinations known as Coombs test are carried out to diagnose the symptoms of autoimmune hemolytic anemia in the laboratory.

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