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Symptoms of Chagus Disease

Symptoms of Chagus disease are mild in their initial acute stage. Within 4-8 weeks the disease enters into its chronic stage. If the symptoms are diagnosed early, there is 60-90 percent of chances of getting cured. On entering the chronic stage, the symptoms become asymptomatic in 60-80 percent of the affected people, which remain so for the rest of their lives.

20-40 percent of the chronically affected people develop heart and digestive system complications. this article tries to gain further insight on the acute and chronic symptoms of this tropical parasitic disease.

Symptoms of Chagus Disease (Acute):

  • Chagoma – Redness of skin caused by a small mass of tissue called nodule
  • High fever
  • Lethargy
  • Apathy – Lack of interest
  • Sleepiness
  • Headaches
  • Anemia – Less count of the red blood cells which provide oxygen to the entire body
  • One sided swelling of the face
  • Edema or formation of pus on the eyelid
  • Convulsions – An intense, uncontrolled contraction of the muscles in the form of laughter
  • Generalized lymphadenopathy – Swelling of the lymph nodes caused by HIV infection
  • Meningoencephalic inflammation – Swelling of brain and meninges
  • Regional lymphadenopathy – Chronic and abnormal swelling of the lymph nodes caused by viral infections like rubella
  • Severe asthenia – Lack of energy or strength

Symptoms of Chagus Disease (Chronic):

  • Heart symptoms
  • Enlarged colon
  • Malaise – General discomfort
  • Inflammation or swelling around the eyes due to infection technically called conjuctivities of the eyes
  • Enlarged esophagus
  • Gastrointestinal symptoms
  • Myocarditis – Swelling of the heart muscles
  • Enlarged liver
  • Enlarged heart
  • Enlarged spleen
  • Leg swelling
  • Presence of parasite in blood
  • Chest pain
  • Swallowing difficulty
  • Atrophy of heart – Decrease in the size of the heart
  • Heart fibrosis – Formation of excessive tissues in the heart
  • Constipation – Difficult, infrequent and incomplete evacuation of the dry hardened feces from the bowels
  • Colon obstruction
  • Abdominal pain
  • Thromboembolism – A condition where the flow of blood is stopped in its vessels by a clot
  • Meningoencephalitis – Swelling of the meninges caused by viral infection
  • Congestive heart failure
  • Lymphadenopathy – Chronic abnormal swelling of thelymph nodes due to a disease
  • Regurgitation – Blood flowing in opposite direction to the heart due to disruption in the functioning of valaves
  • Aspiration – Expulsion of breath while speaking
  • Arrhythmia – Irregularity in the beating of heart
  • Dilated cardiomyopathy – A disorder involving swelling of the chambers of the heart due to weakened heart muscles

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