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Symptoms of Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis

Symptoms of Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis usually begin 1–3 weeks after a viral infection or following a vaccination. The ailment is brain disease involving the immune system. The severity of the symptoms reach their peak from being mild initially within an average time of four and a half days.

8 per 1,000,000 people belonging mostly to the average age group of 5-8 years reported to get affected with this disease. It can however happen to men and women of all ages.

Fortunately, in 50-75 percent cases, there is complete recovery within an average period of one to six months. 70-90 percent people recover with some minor disabilities to still present in the body. The number of deaths caused by this ailment is about 5 percent.

Symptoms of Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis:

  • Sudden onset of swelling in the brain and spinal cord
  • Headache
  • Weight loss
  • Stiff neck
  • Fever
  • Vomiting
  • Lethargy
  • Nausea
  • Drowsiness
  • Paralysis on one side of the body technically known as hemiplegia
  • Monoparesis or paralysis of a single limb
  • Complete paralysis
  • Walking difficulty
  • Seizures
  • Ataxia – Neurological symptoms involving complete lack of coordination in bodily movements
  • Delirium – State of sudden and severe form of confusion often suggesting mental illness
  • Optic neuritis – Swelling of the optic nerves leading to partial or complete vision loss
  • Transverse myelitis – Neurological disorders caused by swelling of the spinal cord
  • Coma
  • Damage of white matter in the brain

Diagnosis of Symptoms of Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis (ADEM):

Magnetic resonance imaging MRI and biopsy are couple of techniques which are used to detect the tumors developed in several locations of the brain and spinal cord. These techniques also help in differentiating the signs of this disease with multiple sclerosis. Both the ailments share more than one sign as symptoms and their is a high possibility for ADEM being misdiagnosed as multiple sclerosis.

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