Symptoms of Crohn’s Disease

Symptoms of Crohn’s disease are not easily diagnosed. The disease is believed to be autoimmune in nature affecting between 400,000 and 600,000 people in North America. Though both the genders are at equal risk, smoking increases the risk of developing this disease by three times. The cause of the disease is not known yet and there is no cure for it.

Treatment involves curbing the symptoms, maintaining their static state and preventing development of the disease more than once. The signs are present several years prior to their diagnosis. The onset years are mostly between 15-30 years. However, other age groups are equally at risk of developing the signs. This article tries to gain further insight on the signs of this very dreadful ailment.

Symptoms of Crohn’s Disease:

  • Abdominal pain
  • Diarrhea
  • More than 20 bowel movements per day
  • Short bowel syndrome – a condition involving malfunction of the bowels
  • Bloody bowel movements
  • Dark red color stools
  • Bloating
  • Flatulence
  • Vomiting
  • Nausea
  • Swelling of the bile ducts
  • Itchiness, pain and swelling of the anus
  • Perianal skin tags
  • Non-healing sores in the mouth
  • Upper abdominal pain
  • Difficulty in swallowing
  • Growth failure in children seen in 30 percent of them
  • Fever
  • Weight loss in elderly people
  • Loss of appetite
  • Mal absorption of carbohydrates
  • Photophobia – Eye pain when it is exposed to sun light
  • Uveitis – Swelling in the interior part of the eye
  • Scleritis – swelling of the white outer coating of the eye
  • Loss of vision though rare
  • Arthritis in knee, shoulders and small joints of hand and feet
  • Ankylosing spondylitis – Swelling of the spine
  • Swollen, painful and warm joints
  • Loss of joint function
  • Erythema nodosum – A skin condition which causes swelling of the fat cells under the skin
  • Pyoderma gangrenosum – Painful ulcers of the skin tissues
  • Risk of blood clots
  • Swelling with pain of the lower legs
  • Breathing difficulty
  • Anemia – A condition where the red blood cells of the immune system are attacked
  • Fatigue
  • Pallor
  • Clubbing of fingers
  • Osteoporosis – Thinning of bones
  • Bone fracture risk
  • Stroke
  • Seizures
  • Myopathy – A disease of the muscle tissues
  • Peripheral neuropathy – Damage of nerves belonging to the nervous system
  • Headache
  • Depression

Complications Associated with Symptoms of Crohns Disease:

  • Obstruction, fistulae and abscesses of the intestines
  • Small intestine cancer
  • Colon cancer
  • Malnutrition
  • Hemorrhage
  • Problems during pregnancy
  • Low sperm count in men

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