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Adrenocortical Carcinoma Symptoms

Adrenocortical carcinoma symptoms originate in the cortex of the adrenal gland. The tumor belongs to a rare form of cancer affecting either children below the age of 6 or adults in the age group 30-40 years. 1-2 cases are reported per million of this cancer annually and its 5-year survival rate is between 20-35 percent.

Age and stage of the tumor are two important factors in the outlook of this ailment. As cause of this aggressive cancer is unknown, awareness on its signs can prove to be imperative in its diagnosis and treatment.

Adrenocortical Carcinoma Symptoms:

  • No signs in the initial stages or asymptomatic until diagnosed
  • Loss of scalp hair
  • Thin skin
  • Excessive body fat in torso
  • Excessive fat on top of back
  • Round face
  • Large face
  • Depression
  • Muscle weakness
  • Hallucinations
  • Reduced muscularity
  • Increased libido
  • Mental disturbances
  • Increased risk of infection
  • Kidney stones
  • Increased facial hair
  • Increased body hair
  • Poor wound healing
  • Diabetes
  • Short stature
  • Menstrual cycle irregularities
  • Osteoporosis
  • Increased blood pressure
  • Paralysis
  • Weakness
  • Easily bruised skin
  • Deep voice
  • Personality changes
  • Increased muscle bulk
  • Nervous system dysfunction
  • Water retention
  • Frequent urination
  • Increased androgen level in blood
  • Muscle spasms
  • Excessive thirst
  • Poor growth
  • Infertility
  • Low potassium level
  • Tingling
  • Reduced uterus size
  • Menstrual irregularities
  • Reduced female breast size
  • Virilization – Abnormal development of male characteristics in female

Diagnosis of Adrenocortical Carcinoma Symptoms:

Laboratory tests confirm the complications associated with hormonal changes. CT scan and magnetic resonance imagining of abdomen are used to locate the tumor and identifying the type of cancer precisely. As the cancer is highly aggressive by nature, a close look has to be kept at the rate of spread to other parts of the body.

On early detection, removal of the tumor by surgery is the only cure. Unfortunately, this does not happen in most of the cases. A part of the tumor cannot be separated from it prior to the surgery for biopsy.

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