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Wilms Tumor Symptoms

Wilms tumor symptoms are seen mostly in children below the age of 5 years. The disease is a rare type of kidney cancer affecting either one or both the kidneys with development of tumors in them. Genetic conditions or certain birth defects increase the risk of developing this cancer in them. Such children should be checked for the signs for every three months before they turn eight years old.

90 percent of the children survive more than five years. The disease is highly responsive to treatment and as the signs are diagnosed on time, the tumor can be removed using surgery. Its exact cause is not known yet. This article focuses on the signs of this rare pediatric cancer.

Wilms Tumor Symptoms: Nearly 500 cases of this cancer are reported every year in the United States. 75 percent children diagnosed with this ailment are normal. Rest of the 25 percent have developmental abnormalities.

  • Abdominal mass
  • Fever
  • Vomiting
  • Weight loss
  • Blood in urine
  • Abnormal color of urine
  • Anemia – Lack of red blood cells which carry oxygen to the entire body
  • Swelling of abdomen
  • Nausea
  • Malaise
  • Constipation
  • Appetite loss
  • Pain in abdomen
  • High blood pressure
  • Fatigue
  • Pallor
  • One kidney getting affected
  • Heart murmur – Sound of blood flow to and from the heart
  • Ascites – Abnormal accumulation of fluid in the abdomen
  • Congenital absence of iris – Absence of the coloured part of eye from birth
  • Genitourinary Defects – Genitals or urinary organs being affected
  • Hemihypertrophy – A condition where one side of the body is larger than the other

Stages of Wilms Tumor Symptoms:

Stage of the Tumor Percent of Diagnosed Patients 4-Year Survival Percent 4-Year Survival Rate with Reversion
1.
43
98
85
2.
23
96
70
3.
23
95
56
4.
10
90
17
5.
5
76
No Reversion

Ultrasound, CT scan and X-ray of the abdomen, blood test, BUN- a test carried out to know the urea nitrogen amount in the blood, Creatinine – a type of urine test and Intravenous pyelogram – a technique involving special x-ray of the kidneys, ureters and bladder are some of the techniques used to diagnose the signs of this pediatric cancer.

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