Chronic Sinusitis – Causes and Symptoms of Chronic Sinusitis
Chronic sinusitis is the inflammation of the empty space around the nasal passages when they become swollen and inflamed. This can interfere with the drainage, that results in the build up of mucus and is commonly called chronic rhino sinusitis. This makes your breathing difficult through the nose and the area around face and eyes gets swollen, which can cause a throbbing headache or facial pain. This is caused by the infection of the sinuses or deviated nasal septum and this can last for more than eight weeks or occurs very frequently.
Causes of Chronic Sinusitis
The common causes include:
- Nasal polyps: Tissue growths can block the nasal passages and the sinuses, this can result in sinusitis.
- Deviated Nasal Septum: A crooked septum, the wall between the nostrils may block the nasal passages.
- Trauma: If a serious injury occurs, then the broken or fractured bone can cause obstruction to the sinus passages.
- Other Medical Conditions: The complications of cystic fibrosis, HIV and other immune system diseases can cause nasal blockage.
- Respiratory tract Infection: Infections of the respiratory tract most commonly colds, can cause a block in the sinus membrane, which results in the growth of bacteria. This results in severe infection.
- Immune System cells: Immune cells like eosinophils may cause inflammation of the sinuses.
- Allergies: Certain allergies like hay fever can cause inflammation that can block the sinuses.
Signs and Symptoms
The signs and symptoms of chronic sinusitis includes:
- Drainage of thick, yellow or greenish discharge from the back of the throat or through the nose
- Cough which may be worse at night
- Nasal obstruction or congestion
- Breathing difficulty
- Pain, tenderness and swelling around the eyes, nose, cheeks or forehead
- Pain in the upper teeth and jaw
- Reduced sense of smell and taste
The other signs and symptoms include:
- Ear pain
- Bad Breath
- Sore Throat
The signs and symptoms are very much similar to acute sinusitis, but they last longer and cause fatigue.
When to consult your Doctor
Consult your doctor if:
- You had sinusitis number of times
- You had sinusitis that lasts for more than 7 days
- The symptoms get worse.
- Severe headache
- A swollen forehead
- Double vision
- Shortness of breath
- Stiff neck
If you find the above symptoms, then consult your doctor immediately, because these are the signs of severe infection.