Yolk Sac Cancer Symptoms
Yolk sac cancer symptoms are caused by endodermal sinus tumor. These are a type of germ cell tumor cancers. These tumors are most common among the tumors which develop in the testis of children below the age of 3 years. This article tries to gain further insight on this rare cancer type in infants.
Yolk Sac Cancer Symptoms:
- Asymptomatic in early stages – Technical name for no signs of the ailment
- Testicular swelling
- Difficulty in breathing
- Chest pain
- Sweating at night times
- Weight loss
- Difficulty in moving eyes
- Double vision
- Impairment of vision
- Difficulty in walking
- Change in bowel habits
- Shoulder pain
- Arm pain
- Swelling of abdomen
- Swelling on the buttocks
- Abdominal mass
- Unusual vaginal bleeding
- Fecal incontinence – Inability control the passage of gas, holding the feces and flow of urine
- Hydrocephalus – Accumulation of liquid in the brain
- Increased serum alpha-fetoprotein level – a fluid released by a child inside the mother’s womb
Diagnosis of Yolk Sac Cancer Symptoms:
Alpha fetoprotein (AFP) is a chemical protein produced by the liver and yolk sac of a child in the mother’s womb. Its levels decrease after the birth of the child. In adults, it plays no major role. However, its presence in the blood can be measured.
Diagnosis in Adults: Endodermal sinus tumors rarely affects adults too. Increased levels of AFP in blood, urine, fluids in the brain and particularly in the tumor can indicate the onset of this disease. It can confirmed by conducting biopsy of the tumor.
Diagnosis in Pregnant Women and Unborn Children: During pregnancy, it is normal to detect high levels of AFP in the blood samples of both mother and child. In pregnant mothers, the levels of maternal serum AFP gives a better understanding about the status of the disease. In infants, tumor marker tests are used to diagnose the endodermal sinus tumor.