Peritoneal Cancer Symptoms
Peritoneal cancer symptoms develop in the inner lining of the abdomen. Malignant cancer cells target the epithelial cells with which surfaces of the body organs are formed. Signs of this condition are similar to the symptoms of ovarian cancer though there is very less involvement of the organ. Women who have their ovaries removed as ovarian cancer treatment are at higher risks of developing peritoneal cancer. This article tries to gain further insight on the signs of this cancer.
Peritoneal Cancer Symptoms:
Mostly the signs of this cancer remain asymptomatic. That is, they do not become apparent until the ailment progresses into advanced stages. Even if they are diagnosed, it is difficult to conclude that they are of peritoneal cancer type as the signs mimic overian cancer signs. However, some of the signs to look out for are:
- Abnormal bleeding from vagina
- Pain during urination
- Weight loss or gain with no apparent reasons
- Pain the pelvic region
- Formation of lump in the peritoneum (the lining of the abdominal cavity)
- Bleeding from the peritoneum
- Frequent urination
- Peritoneum pain
- Abdominal cramps
- Peritoneum pruritus – Pruritus is the technical name for severe itching sensation
- Swelling of the abdomen
- Feeling of fullness after light meal
Diagnostic Techniques for Peritoneal Cancer Symptoms:
The doctor commences the diagnosis by learning about the brief history of the patient and apparent signs experienced. It is followed by certain tests which are carried out in a systematic manner to confirm the condition. They are:
Examination of the Pelvic – Organs like the uterus, vagina, ovaries, fallopian tubes, bladder and rectum are examined to find signs of abnormality in their shape.
Ultrasound – Here sound waves are made to get reflected from the ovaries. The reflected patterns are photographed and is known as a sonogram. In the picture taken, appearance of healthy and malignant cells are different.
Computed Tomography (CT) Scan – An X-ray machine connected to a computer takes detailed pictures of the internal organs of the body.
CA-125 Assay – It is a type of blood test. Certain chemical substances found in the blood can serve as indicators of cancer tumors. The test is carried out to the measure levels of these indicators. Higher levels of the chemical CA-125 indicate ovarian cancer or peritoneal cancer in women.
Lower GI Series or Barium Enema – X-ray pictures of the colon and rectum here. The patient is given a white, chalky solution containing the chemical barium. It helps in getting clear picture of any tumor or abnorml growth in these organs.
Biopsy – This test involves removing a small part of suspected area to be examined for malignant cells under a microscope.