Catatonic Schizophrenia – Treatment of Catatonic Schizophrenia
Catatonic Schizophrenia is a psychiatric disorder that is characterized by certain symptoms like excitement, stupor, rigidity and mania. Those suffering from this disorder, exhibit manic behaviors like speaking incoherently or babbling, purposeless movements and they look very much agitated. This is caused by disturbances in motor behavior that can have a psychological or physiological basis. This is usually a long term illness and affects every aspect of human functioning. Effective treatment can manage the symptoms and helps you lead a happier and healthier life.
Catatonic Schizophrenia is a chronic condition that needs lifelong treatment, even if the symptoms subside and the person feels better. Treatment can be challenging because people suffering from this disorder may refuse to follow treatment recommendations. The treatment is usually guided by a skilled psychiatrist along with other care providers. The team involved in the treatment includes:
- Primary care doctor
- Family members
- Psychiatric nurse
- Social Worker
Interventions for Catatonic Schizophrenia The various interventions include: Medications The commonly prescribed medications include:
- Benzodiazepines are also called anti-anxiety drugs that are sedatives and are the first choice of drugs to treat schizophrenia. These drugs are taken for a period of several weeks or months to relieve the symptoms.
- Barbiturates are also sedatives that have a similar effect like the anti-anxiety drugs. These groups of drugs should not be used for a long period of time as they may be habit forming.
- Other Medications: Medications like anti-depressants, mood-stabilizing medications and anti psychotics are the choice of drugs used for the treatment of catatonic schizophrenia.
- Electroconvulsive Therapy (ECT): ECT is a procedure where electric currents are passed to the brain, which triggers a brief episode of seizures. This can cause changes in the brain chemistry that can reduce the symptoms of these illnesses. Before undergoing ECT, make sure you or your guardian understands the benefits and the disadvantages of ECT.
- Hospitalization: During the times of severe catatonic symptoms, hospitalization may be necessary. This ensures your safety and others safety and makes sure that you get proper nutrition, sleep and hygiene.
Psychotherapy Medications play a major role, but psychotherapy is also very much important. Psychotherapy may include:
- Individual Therapy: This is provided with the help of a mental health care provider and can help you learn coping mechanisms with the daily life challenges and distress. This can help improve communication skills, relationships and motivation to stick to the treatment plan. Try to get knowledge of this disorder as this motivates you to stick to the treatment plan and make you know the importance of medications.
- Family Therapy: Both you and your family may have lots of benefits and the symptoms also reduce. This helps you recognize the stressful situations that can trigger a relapse and helps you stick to the treatment plan. In this therapy, the family members are helped by coping with this situation and relieves the distress.
- Vocational skills training: In this, the therapist teaches the person certain skills like good hygiene, communication and cooking. These skills help the patient to live independently which is a part of the recovery process.