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Catatonic Schizophrenia – Causes and Symptoms of Catatonic Schizophrenia

Catatonic schizophrenia is a chronic mental disorder where the actual things are interpreted abnormally. This includes behavioral patterns like inability to speak, respond or move. A person affected by this condition may get overexcited or exhibit hyperactive motion and may try to make movements or sounds of others. This condition is very rare and can also occur with other mental illness. They are very rigid and stiff. People suffering from this disorder have an increased risk of malnutrition and self-inflicted injury.

What Causes Schizophrenia?
The cause of schizophrenia is not yet known. This is known to have biological basis and can be the result of bad parenting or weakness. The factors that play a role in the development of schizophrenia include:

Hereditary: This mental disorder tends to run in families, and can be passed on from parents to their children.
Brain Chemistry: People with schizophrenia have an imbalance of certain chemicals in the brain as these chemicals affect the stimulus that is the sense of sound and smell,which can lead to delusions and hallucinations.
Brain Abnormality: Research has found an abnormal brain function and structure in people with schizophrenia. This type of abnormality doesn’t happen in all schizophrenics and can occur in people without the disease.
Environmental Factors: Certain factors like poor social interactions, viral infections or very stressful conditions can trigger schizophrenia in people with this disorder. This occurs when the body undergoes hormonal and physical changes, especially during the young adult years and teens.

Symptoms
The signs and symptoms include:

  • Excessive Immobility
  • Extreme resistance
  • The physical mobility is impaired
  • Inability to speak
  • Staring and holding the body in a rigid position
  • Peculiar movements like unusual postures, grimace or unusual mannerisms
  • Mimicking movement or speech

Other symptoms
The other signs and symptoms include:

  • Clumsy or uncoordinated movements
  • Social isolation
  • Trouble functioning at school or work
  • Angry outbursts
  • Lack of emotions
  • Neglected personal hygiene
  • Incoherent speech
  • Hallucinations
  • Having belief on things that are not based on reality

This disorder cannot be treated on its own, because it can last for few minutes to weeks or months.

When to consult a Psychiatrist
If you suffer from these symptoms, then you need to seek medical help and sometimes you may feel that you may not need treatment. But take help from your friends and family as they are the ones who can suggest whether you need help or take you to a hospital for further treatment.

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