Symptoms of Basal Cell Carcinoma

Symptoms of Basal cell carcinoma are on the rise in the recent times. It is the most common skin cancer affecting the head and neck in 80 percent of the cases. 3 out of 10 Caucasians develop a signs of basal cell cancer in their lifetime. Based on the location and the difficulty of treatment involved, this cancer type can be divided into three. They are superficial, infiltrative and nodular types. This article tries to gain further insight on the signs of this cancer.

Symptoms of Basal Cell Carcinoma:

  • Growth of pink skin
  • Skin sores appearing persistently and refusing to heal
  • Crusted skin lesions
  • Reddish skin lesion
  • Skin lesions in the form of scars
  • Shiny skin nodule
  • Bleeding skin sores
  • Crusting or oozing spots of sore
  • Sores with depressed area in the centre
  • Scar-like sore appearing without any injury in the area
  • Irregular blood vessels in or around the spot
  • Red patch like eczema if the form is superficial
  • Skin thickening if the form is infiltrative

What Causes Aggression in Symptoms of Basal Cell Carcinoma ?

Two-thirds of this skin cancer develop in the areas which are exposed to sun’s light, implying that some people are genetically for susceptible to this cancer than the rest.

Sun light cause damage in the deepest layer of the skin known as the basal cell layer. The damage is caused to the DNA of the cells present in this location. Though the body tries to repair the damage, it is partially successful in its attempt. Cumulative damage of the DNA leads to mutation or change in the molecular structure of the genes of these skin cells.

Sun light also suppresses the immune system’s detection of new tumor cell production in the area, leading to the aggression of the cancer. In one-third of cases, it is caused by rib abnormalities, a condition called as Gorlin Syndrome, mutation in the PTCH1 tumor-suppressor gene and SMO gene.

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