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Symptoms of Ependymoma

Symptoms of ependymoma become apparent when a tumor is caused in one of the tissues of the nervous system called the ependyma. In 85 percent of the cases, the tumor is benign type and thus grows slowly and locally, without posing threat to surrounding organs.

The tumor is located inside the brain when it affects children. In adults, the spine is the area of development of tumor. The pelvic cavity rarely develops this tumor.

The condition is 5 percent of all the tumor related ailments of the central nervous system (CNS) in adults. It constitutes 10 percent of all childhood tumors affecting the CNS.

Children of around 5 years and adults around 35 years are at higher risk of developing the symptoms. This article tries to get further insight on the symptoms of this ailment.

Symptoms of Ependymoma (Non-cancerous or Benign Tumor):

  • Unsteadiness
  • Increased pressure inside skull
  • Seizures
  • Headache
  • Nausea
  • Loss of appetite
  • Vomiting
  • Speech problems
  • Behavioural problems
  • Weakness
  • Sleeping difficulty
  • Numbness
  • Personality changes
  • Vision problems
  • Horizontal and vertical lines seen when in bright light
  • Inability to distinguish colour temporarily
  • Back pain
  • Uncontrollable twitching
  • Loss of bladder control
  • Impaired memory
  • Motor dysfunction – Abnormality or incomplete functioning of nerves associated with movement.
  • Dementia – A serious condition involving loss of cognitive ability
  • Hydrocephalus – An abnormal condition involving accumulation of excess fluid in the brain and spinal cord. This can lead to increased pressure inside the brain.
  • Papilloedema – Swelling in the nerves of the eye.
  • Cranial nerve paresis – These are the nerves directly associated with the brain. Mild or partial paralysis in these nerves can be restrict mobility of the patient.

Symptoms of Ependymoma (Cancerous or Malignant Tumor):

  • No symptoms in the initial stages, technically called asymptomatic
  • Lump
  • Lethargy
  • Loss of balance
  • Pain
  • Swelling
  • Headache
  • Weight loss
  • Reduced muscle tone
  • Weakness
  • Fever
  • Nausea
  • Vision problems
  • Eye movement problems
  • Leg pain
  • Back pain
  • Seizures
  • In-coordination
  • Enlarged head – in young children

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