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Symptoms of Craniapharyngioma

Symptoms of craniopharyngioma appear when a tumor develops in the pituitary gland. This gland is a small organ at the base of the brain. Children belonging to the age group of 5-10 years are generally affected by this tumor ailment, irrespective of the gender. The condition is rare in adults. This article tries to get further insight of this topic.

Symptoms of Craniopharyngioma:

There are three different ways in which this ailment makes the signs apparent. They are:

By affecting the Functioning of the organ Pituitary gland :

This organ is primarily responsible for the production of different types of hormones. Hormones are chemicals which help in the communication between cells. There is a component called receptor in every cell.

Hormones are the messengers of signals send and received by the receptors of two cells. When the pituitary gland is affected, the symptoms involve excessive thirst, urination and halt in growth caused by imbalances in the hormones of the body.

By affecting the Nerves of Eyes:

There are two types of tumors. They are benign and malignant. The former affects a particular location of the body and does not grow. As a result, the surrounding organs do not get affected by this tumor mostly. The later has the characteristic of disrupting the functioning of the organ of origin, invading surrounding organs and spreading the malignancy to fresh and remote locations of the body too. These are the cancerous cells.

The tumor described in this article is of benign type. Unfortunately when the tumor affects the nerves, the damage is permanent.

By increasing the Pressure inside the Brain:

The tumor increases the pressure of the matter inside the brain. This condition is technically called intracranial pressure. It is a serious medical condition. Flow of blood to the brain can get restricted along with the damage of other structures in the location due to this pressure. Its signs are nausea, vomiting in the morning, headache and difficulty with balance.

Symptoms of Craniapharyngioma and Associated Complications:

Techniques like CT scan and MRI reveal the symptoms. Usual treatment method is surgery involving the removal of tumor completely. If it is removed completely, there are 80-90 percent chances of complete cure from this ailment.

If the tumor is not removed completely, radiation therapy is used to kill the chunk of malignant cells. In such cases, the risks of complications are high.

Vision damage is permanent and hormonal imbalance in the body worsen the situation after surgical treatment. There are recurring neurological disorders to deal with too.

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