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Hernia in Children – Causes and Symptoms of Hernia in Children

Hernia in children is a medical condition in which a tissue or structure or part of an organ is protruded through a muscular tissue or membrane. Hernias in children mostly occur in the umbilical region, called as umbilical hernias. A weak abdominal wall in the children can be a reason for development of umbilical hernias. Hernias are present during the first year of child and may keep on coming and going at any age.

The disease condition is common among all the age groups. Boys are more prone to this disease than girls. Approximately 1 out of 50 boys are affected.

Causes of Hernia in Children
Hernia in children occurs as a result of the following factors. The causes include:

  • Weakness of muscles or tissues – This is the primary factor that causes hernia. The weakness of the tissues makes the internal organs and especially intestine to protrude out. Adipose tissues in the abdomen protrude out and develop hernia.
  • Congenital defects – In some cases, the inguinal canal cannot be closed properly after the child’s birth due to certain factors. This is a risk factor for hernia development.
  • Genetic factor – Umbilical hernia can pass through generations.

Symptoms of Hernia in Children
A wide range of symptoms develop in children with hernia. The signs and symptoms include:

  • Inflammation in the protruded area
  • Intense pain
  • Rarely, testis or intestines are affected
  • Feeling of easiness
  • Vomiting

Sneezing, coughing and crying increase the pressure in abdominal region and make the symptoms of hernia worse. The major complication associated with hernias is malfunctioning of some organs.

Seek a paediatric surgeon if you observe your child experiencing any of the symptoms of hernia. Consult the surgeon immediately as soon as you notice lump in the abdominal region. The risk of developing hernias is more in children below the age 1. The surgeon diagnoses the condition by performing some examinations. The surgeon may ask the child to cough to make the hernia more obvious.

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