Cough and Sore Throat – Treatment Prevention and Home Remedies for Cough and Sore Throat
Cough and sore throat are not diseases, but rather these are symptoms of other disorders. These are the most common problems that every man suffers from and the causes may be due to asthma, sinus infection and allergic rhinitis. Cigarette smoking is the most common cause of this disease. Infections like bronchitis or pneumonia can cause severe cough. Sore throats can be painful and annoying and most sore throats are caused due to some minor illness. They can be treated medically and by using certain home remedies.
Treatment of Cough and Sore Throat
The treatment of cough depends mainly on the severity and the underlying causes. They include:
- Cough can be treated by curing the underlying disease condition that is causing cough like asthma and pneumonia.
- Over-the-counter medications can be given for symptomatic relief.
- Severe coughs that interfere with sleep may need medicines like sedatives, but when taking these medications, avoid alcohol and driving.
- If cough is caused due to bacteria, then a doctor may prescribe antibiotics.
- Stop smoking and avoid the contact with allergens or environmental irritants that cause cough.
- If it is caused due to GERD, then you may need treatment for reducing the acid reflux.
- Elderly people with severely weakened immune system, may need to be treated in a hospital.
- Bronchodilators and inhaled steroids are given to reduce the inflammation of the upper respiratory tract.
- Lozenges are safe and effective as it soothes and numbs the throat.
- Decongestants can be taken orally or can be used in the form of nasal sprays.
- If a person has severe pain in the throat, then a doctor may advice for pain killers.
- Use a vaporizer and humidifier regularly.
Safety tips for nonprescription drugs
Follow these safety tips when using a nonprescription medicine for cough and sore throat:
- Never take more than the required dose.
- Carefully read and follow the directions on the medicine bottle and box.
- Do not take a medicine if you had an allergic reaction to it in the past.
- Do not give aspirin to children younger than 20 years of age.
- Call your doctor before taking medicines that you have been told to avoid.
- If you are pregnant, then without doctors advice, do not take any medication.
Prevention of Cough and Sore Throat
Though there is no sure way to prevent cough and sore throat, but certain risk factors can be reduced. They include:
- Quit smoking as smoking is the most common cause of chronic cough.
- Take medications or talk to your physician about managing asthma, GERD and postnasal drip.
- Stay away from people suffering from pneumonia and bronchitis.
- Diets rich in fruit fiber may prevent chronic cough.
- Inhaling irritants and allergens should be prevented.
- Avoid eating, sharing utensils, napkins, food, glasses or towels with others.
- Avoid close contact with sick people.
- Stay indoors as much as possible on high pollution days.
- Cough or sneeze into a tissue and then throw it away.
- Regularly clean TV remotes, telephones and computer keyboards with a sanitizing cleanser.
- Avoid touching public phones or drinking fountains with your mouth.
- Avoid people suffering from sore throat.
- Quit the use of tobacco.
- Drink enough fluids to prevent dehydration.
- Wash your hands with soap and water or any sanitizing liquids.
- Maintain a healthy lifestyle by eating a balanced diet.
Home Remedies for Cough and Sore Throat
Some of the common home remedies include:
- Fill one cut lemon with black pepper powder and salt and suck to reduce the cough.
- Take one teaspoon of honey and add a pinch of grounded pepper and take this regularly for two to three times a day.
- Eat garlic in the nights with meals twice a week and this will provide relief from cough.
- Take warm spinach juice gargling as this soothes the throat and relieves cough.
- Chew 4 leaves of holy basil and 4 black peppers to prevent cough.
- Extract the juice from the onions and mix it with honey. Take this 2 – 3 times a day.
- Mix white vinegar,water, salt and crushed vitamin C together and gargle.
- Drink plenty of liquids.
- Mix a cup of warm water with 2 tsp of honey and the juice of one lemon. Sip this juice as this is very soothing to the throat.
- Every day gargle with salt water for few hours.
- A tea made from aniseed and holy basil can be taken regularly.
- Take some eucalyptus leaves and mint leaves and boil them together in water. This helps in curing cough.
- The root of turmeric can be roasted and grounded and this powder can be taken twice daily.
- A combination of honey with grape juice is beneficial for cough.
- Eat a healthy diet and maintain a healthy lifestyle to prevent such infections like cough and sore throat.