Burkitt Lymphoma Symptoms

Burkitt lymphoma symptoms mostly affect the children. It is a rare type of Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma (NHL) originating in the lymph nodes. It can quickly spread to other parts of the body as it is one of the highly aggressive type of B-cell lymphoma.

Fortunately, this cancer is often curable with new therapies. This article tries to understand the symptoms and types of this dreadful disease.

Lymph nodes are circular ball shaped organs of the natural protection system of our body, the immune system. They contain several cells like B-cells and T-cells which trap foreign particles and protect our body from diseases. They play a vital role in the proper functioning of the immune system and are present all through the body.

When cancer affects the B-cells of lymph nodes, it is known as B-cell lymphoma and has certain forms. Burkitt Lymphoma is one such rare form of B-cell lymphoma, categorized under Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma class of blood cancers.

Symptoms of Burkitt Lymphoma:

  • Salivary gland tumor
  • Cervical lymph node tumor
  • Abdominal tumor
  • Jaw tumor
  • Facial bone tumor
  • Jaw lump
  • Excessive sweating at night times
  • High fever
  • Drastic weight loss

Types of Burkitt Lymphoma:

There are two types of this cancer. They are the endemic and sporadic forms.

Endemic Burkitt Lymphoma Symptoms:

It is a common cancer in children near Central Africa. In 95 percent of cases, Epstein Barr Virus (EBV) infection is involved along with chronic malaria condition. Research studies have revealed that malaria reduces the ability of the body to combat with Epstein Barr virus leading to this form of cancer. Signs to look out for are swelling of the facial bone, digestion problem, weakness even in static posture and swelling of the jaw.

Sporadic Burkitt Lymphoma Symptoms:

Non-African countries, especially in Europe report of this type of cancer. Though the formation and degeneration of the tumor cells take place similar to the endemic form, the symptoms vary drastically. They are swelling and tumor in locations like the ileum, caecum and the bone marrow. Rare symptoms include swelling of the cheek bone and formation of tumors in the salivary gland.

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