Concussion – Causes and Symptoms of Concussion

A concussion is a brain injury that occurs due to the sudden blow to the head or body. This type of blow shakes the brain that is present inside the skull. When this happens, there is a temporary malfunction of the brain. They can range from minor to major and this can affect the memory, reflexes, balance, judgment, speech and coordination. Concussions are common and such injuries need time and rest which can make people recover fully.

Causes of Concussions
The causes of concussion include:

  • The brain is a soft organ that is surrounded by spinal fluid and is protected by a hard skull.
  • The spinal fluid acts as a cushion by protecting the brain from any type of blows or injuries.
  • Sometimes, the head is hit hardly that the brain can suddenly crash into the skull and stop working temporarily.
  • There are many ways to get a concussion.

Activities that can cause Concussion
Some of the common ways include:

  • Fights
  • Falls
  • Car crashes
  • Bike accidents
  • Football
  • Boxing
  • Skiing or Snowboarding

The signs and symptoms include:

  • Fatigue
  • Slurred speech
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Ringing in the ears
  • Headache
  • Amnesia
  • Confusion
  • Dizziness

Symptoms that appear after some days or hours
The signs and symptoms that are not apparent until hours and days include:

  • Depression
  • Irritability
  • Sleep disturbances
  • Sensitivity to light and noise
  • Memory or Concentration problems

Symptoms in Children
Head trauma is very common among children, but cannot be identified in infants and toddlers because they won’t be able to communicate. Some of the signs include:

  • Loss of balance
  • Lack of interest in their favorite toy
  • Change in eating or sleeping patterns
  • Irritability or crankiness
  • Tiring easily

Post-concussive Syndrome
One of the complications of concussion is the post-concussive syndrome. Some of the post-concussive syndrome symptoms include:

  • Dizziness or unsteadiness
  • Changes in the sex drive
  • Changes in the personality like becoming angry or anxious
  • Changes in the sleep pattern
  • Headaches or blurry vision
  • Changes in the ability to think, concentrate or remember

When to consult your Physician
Some of the concussions better on their own, some blows to the head can cause serious and severe injuries. Seek medical help if you find any of the following symptoms.They include:

  • Loss of smell or taste
  • Ringing sensation in the ears
  • Prolonged memory loss
  • Impaired balance
  • Nausea or Vomiting
  • Prolonged dizziness or headaches
  • Eye or vision disturbances

Signs in a child
The signs in a child who has head injury that needs medical attention includes:

  • A cut that does not stop bleeding
  • Blood or fluid discharge from the nose
  • Recurrent dizziness
  • Confusion
  • Loss of consciousness
  • Repeated vomiting
  • Headache that worsens over time
  • Repeated vomiting and seizures

Note: Never take any injury to the head lightly, seek immediate medical attention, before any complications arise.

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