Heart Babies – Causes and Symptoms of Heart Babies

Heart babies is a condition in which the babies are born with a defect in the heart. This is also called as congenital heart defects. The defects include circulation problems, misplacement of blood vessels, hole in between the heart chambers. Ultrasound techniques cannot detect these heart babies before the birth and hence problems arise. But an other advanced technique called echocardiography helps to detect the heart babies. It is estimated that about 8 in every 1000 infants are born with heart defects.

Causes of Heart Babies
The actual cause of heart babies is unknown. But it is believed that certain genetic and environmental factors may have an impact on heart and cause heart babies. The defects will develop during the development of heart. The factors that may cause heart babies include:

  • Diabetes – Mothers suffering from this condition may have an negative effect on fetus heart development.
  • Rubella – This condition during pregnancy may lead to fatal circumstances in the baby’s heart.
  • Intake of few medications like lithium, isotretinoin, etc may cause heart babies.
  • Genetic factor – Genes that are associated with heart defects may be inherited to next generation.
  • Intake of alcohol

There are 35 types of heart babies or congenital heart defects. The main types are:

  • Valve abnormalities
  • Abnormal blood vessels
  • Obstruction in blood flow
  • Holes in the heart
  • A combination of all above types

Holes in the heart lead to mixing of oxygenated blood with deoxygenated blood resulting in poor oxygenated blood circulation. This would lead to less oxygen supply throughout the body tissues which is fatal.

Symptoms of Heart Babies

Symptoms appear within few days after the babies are born. These symptoms would help in diagnosing congenital heart defects in babies. The signs and symptoms include:

  • Bluish or grayish discoloration of the skin thus loosing the healthy luster
  • Shortness of breath especially when the baby feeds
  • Swelling of abdomen, legs and area around the eyes
  • Fatigue
  • Weight loss
  • Poor health
  • Easily tiring during exercise
  • Fluid accumulation in the heart or lungs

Consult a medical professional if you notice any of the above signs and symptoms in your baby. Serious heart defects in your baby can be diagnosed soon after the birth. Mild defects could not be diagnosed soon after the birth but they can only be detected as the child grows.

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