Heart Attack Recovery – Risk Factors, Undergoing Restoration and Treatment
Surviving after a heart attack is a life-changing experience for many people. The recovery process after a heart attack includes medications, modifying eating habits and exercises. The foremost thing is to survive after an heart attack through calling a medical professional at a right time. If you notice symptoms such as shortness of breath, fast heart beats, irregular heart beat, weakness, nausea, vomiting, swelling and pain in the legs, arms, stomach, jaw and sweats call a doctor immediately.
Risk Factors for the Next Heart Attack
Studies show that more than 10% people possess a risk of suffering from heart attack within a year of the first heart attack. The risk of next attack reduces to 3% as each year passes by. Hence, you should make sure to avoid all the factors that would increase the risk. The factors that increase the risk of next heart attack are:
- High blood pressure
- High cholesterol levels
- Intake of excess alcohol
- No physical activity like exercise
Undergoing Restoration after a Heart Attack
The first 48 hours after a heart attack are very critical. The heart recovery begins only if this period ends without any complications. Within a week or two the heart muscles also begin to recover and hence the patient can be discharged from the medical unit.
During heart recovery process, one should perform physical exercises. Physical exercises include swimming, skiing, jogging, walking and cycling. These all help in controlling the cholesterol and blood pressure levels. This would help in faster recovery. As the time period passes after the heart attack, exercises should also be increased so that muscles of the heart improve. Take a proper medical advice from the physician about the exercises and perform them accordingly. This helps in improving the physical fitness and well-being of the patient.
Getting Back to Normal State
During heart recovery, a person would take 1 to 3 months to reach a normal state. A proper and complete rest is required to take out the feeling of stress. Works that involve stress and long journeys should be avoided. It is believed that even sexual activities can apply stress on the recovering heart.
Treatments During Heart Recovery
Doctors prescribe medications to reduce the risk of an other heart attack. The different medications that are prescribed include:
- Lipid lowering drugs – Reduce the cholesterol and fat levels in the blood
- Aspirin – Reduce the blood clot formation
- Angiotensin Receptor Blockers (ARB’s) – Help in efficient functioning of heart and control blood pressure
- ACE inhibitors – Help in efficient functioning of heart and control blood pressure
- Beta blockers – Reduce high blood pressure levels
Lifestyle changes also help in reducing the risk of heart attack. They include:
- Exercise regularly
- Take a healthy diet
- Quit smoking
- Go for regular blood pressure check-up
- Control emotions such as stress, excitement